Advantages & Disadvantages to Declaring Bankruptcy

By Heather Frances J.D.

Bankruptcy is a court process available by federal and state laws to help both individuals and businesses shed unsustainable debt and get back on their feet financially. It offers a second chance at a clean financial slate, but it also has disadvantages. Bankruptcy may not be your only option to resolve your debts, but its advantages may outweigh the disadvantages in your particular situation. You may wish to consult an attorney before deciding whether bankruptcy is the best option for you.

Bankruptcy is a court process available by federal and state laws to help both individuals and businesses shed unsustainable debt and get back on their feet financially. It offers a second chance at a clean financial slate, but it also has disadvantages. Bankruptcy may not be your only option to resolve your debts, but its advantages may outweigh the disadvantages in your particular situation. You may wish to consult an attorney before deciding whether bankruptcy is the best option for you.

Automatic Stay

When you file for bankruptcy, your case creates an automatic stay of collection proceedings against you. This means your creditors must cease their collection efforts, and they cannot begin again until the case is resolved. This stay even applies to foreclosure proceedings, so your house can be saved. While the debt collection efforts are stopped, your bankruptcy case continues, bringing you closer to debt relief.

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Debt Relief

One of the biggest advantages of bankruptcy is the possibility of having a relatively clean slate to begin again financially. If you file under Chapter 7, your assets are sold to pay your creditors. If you file under Chapter 13, you will make payments on a structured repayment plan. At the end of either type of bankruptcy, many of your remaining debts may be discharged if you properly completed the requirements of your case. For example, under Chapter 7, if you still owe $5,000 on a credit card after all of your nonexempt assets are sold, that debt can be erased and you no longer owe the $5,000. However, not all debts are eligible for discharge. For example, student loans typically are not dischargeable, so you must continue to pay these even after your bankruptcy case is complete.

Exempt Assets

Even under Chapter 7, where assets are sold, federal and state laws provide exemptions for certain assets. This allows you to keep these assets rather than see them sold to pay your creditors. Exemptions often include assets such as equity in your primary residence, clothes, books, appliances and a vehicle, though some categories of assets have maximum values attached.

Difficulty and Expense

Bankruptcy isn’t easy or cheap. You must complete credit counseling before you even file and again before your case is completed. You will have to pay filing and administrative fees to the court, and your case may require hiring an attorney who also must be paid. Under Chapter 7, you may lose assets that are important to you if they don’t qualify for an exemption. Under Chapter 13, you’ll have to make monthly payments for three to five years.

Future Impact

A bankruptcy is often viewed by others as a moral failing, and it can damage your ability to get a job or qualify for professional licenses, particularly if the job or license has a relationship to financial management. Bankruptcy remains on your credit report for up to 10 years, and it may hurt your credit rating for years. However, your credit may already be poor from your level of debt, so this disadvantage may not have much of an impact on your situation.

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Do I Have to Reopen an Asset Chapter 7 for an Unlisted Creditor?

References

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Alabama Bankruptcy & Foreclosure Laws

Homeowners who can’t make their mortgage payment may eventually face foreclosure, but bankruptcy may help you get back on your feet financially. Bankruptcy can halt your foreclosure proceedings and give you an opportunity to save your home. If you have already been through foreclosure, bankruptcy may erase your remaining debts from the foreclosure proceedings.

What Happens at the End of a Chapter 13?

Debtors typically file for bankruptcy to receive a financial fresh start. Though there are multiple types of bankruptcy available, Chapter 13 is a common type of individual bankruptcy that, like other types, allows the debtor to pay some debts while erasing others, and Chapter 13 automatically prevents collection actions while the case is ongoing. Chapter 13 can even stop foreclosure or vehicle repossession. Once the case is successfully completed, many unpaid debts will be erased.

Pros & Cons of Filing Bankruptcy

Individual debtors frequently file for bankruptcy under Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 of the Bankruptcy Code, and either course can provide more pros than cons for certain debtors. To file under Chapter 7, you must meet certain income qualifications, but under Chapter 13, you must follow a repayment plan over three to five years. At the end of either type of bankruptcy, you may receive a discharge, or elimination, of certain remaining unpaid debts.

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