Does Beneficiary Have to Pay Funeral Costs?

by Teo Spengler

    When a person dies, his body must be disposed of according to state law. Generally, states require that the remains of a deceased person are either buried or cremated. State laws vary about who bears primary responsibility for funeral costs, but generally the estate of the deceased pays the debt out of estate funds.

    Estate in Probate

    No matter how carefully a person drafts her will to specify which beneficiaries get what assets, the terms of the document are not self-activating. Most wills must go through the court-supervised probate process where assets are collected and debts paid before property can be distributed to beneficiaries. One such debt involves funeral expenses.

    Paying Debts

    The person shepherding the will through probate is called the executor. The executor must pay estate debts with estate assets before he distributes property to the beneficiaries of the will. In California, for example, the statutes set out the order in which estate expenses must be paid and funeral expenses are third, just after estate administration costs and secured debts. While a beneficiary does not pay estate debts directly, the assets of the estate that can be distributed under the will are reduced by every estate bill the executor pays.

    About the Author

    Living in France and Northern California, Teo Spengler is an attorney, novelist and writer and has published thousands of articles about travel, gardening, business and law. Spengler holds a Master of Arts in creative writing from San Francisco State University and a Juris Doctor from UC Berkeley. She is currently a candidate for a Master of Fine Arts in fiction.

    Photo Credits

    • Stockbyte/Stockbyte/Getty Images