Can Banks Do Power of Attorney Forms for You?

By Teo Spengler

A power of attorney is a legal document that gives someone else the authority to act in your place. This is useful if you want a friend to sell your car or an agent your house, but you also can use a power of attorney to name someone to manage your finances if you become incapacitated. Some banks provide power-of-attorney forms, but they cannot "do" them for you; you must fill in and sign the document before it is effective.

A power of attorney is a legal document that gives someone else the authority to act in your place. This is useful if you want a friend to sell your car or an agent your house, but you also can use a power of attorney to name someone to manage your finances if you become incapacitated. Some banks provide power-of-attorney forms, but they cannot "do" them for you; you must fill in and sign the document before it is effective.

Powers of Attorney

Powers of attorney are legal documents you can create from fill-in forms without legal advice, although for more complex matters you may want to work with a law firm. Every power of attorney gives another person, termed the agent, authority to act for the person signing the form, termed the principal. The trick is to select the appropriate type of power of attorney for your purposes and to be sure it comports with the laws in your state. Generally powers of attorney give an agent authority to make either financial or medical decisions for the principal; only financial powers of attorney are offered by banks.

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Obtaining Forms

Many states offer power-of-attorney forms that, if appropriately completed and signed, fulfill all legal requirements in that jurisdiction. But you also can obtain appropriate forms from attorneys, reliable online legal service providers and financial institutions. Some banks only accept their own power-of-attorney forms for accounts in that bank. You can fill in a bank's form for use in those financial accounts even if you also complete a more general form appointing the same agent for other financial matters.

Durable Powers

It pays to figure out your goals before selecting a power of attorney form. If you want to name an agent to act in your stead while you cruise the seven seas for six months, a regular form will do, but be aware that such forms expire if you become incapacitated. If you want to put a document in place that names an agent to handle your financial matters if you are incapacitated, you need a durable power of attorney. A power of attorney that becomes effective only if you are incapacitated is termed a springing form. According to the Family Caregiver Alliance, some banks hesitate to accept springing powers of attorney because incapacity may be open to dispute.

Signature

If you are using a bank's power of attorney form, bank officers will likely assist you in completing the document, signing appropriately and recording if necessary. Following state rules is critical to the validity of the document; some states mandate that your signature be verified by a notary, others by witnesses. Some states require certain types of power of attorney forms to be recorded, such as those involving a real estate transfer. If you obtain a form to complete at home, be certain to verify the signature and filing rules before considering the power of attorney completed.

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Can a Power of Attorney Have a Debit Card?

References

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How to Appoint a Power of Attorney

A power of attorney allows one person to act on behalf of another person in various matters, including health or finances. You may give another person, known as your agent or attorney-in-fact, power of attorney as long as you're mentally competent. You must draft a power of attorney document that meets the legal requirements in your state in order to give your agent authority.

The Louisiana Statute on Durable Power of Attorney

You’re probably used to taking care of your own finances, but someday you might need help handling financial matters. Diseases like Alzheimer’s or dementia can interfere with your mental capacity, causing you to rely on someone else to take care of your bank accounts, investments and bills. Or travel may take you out of town during times when you need someone else to transact your business locally. For these types of situations, Louisiana law allows you to give authority over your finances to another person through a power of attorney.

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When you aren’t able to manage your bank accounts, a power of attorney can help. A power of attorney document lets you name someone else, known as your agent, to act on your behalf. You can create a power of attorney authorizing your agent to access your bank account or take other actions with your bank. However, policies differ among banks and state laws vary regarding powers of attorney.

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