Can You Write Your Own Divorce and Just Have It Notorized in the State of Pennsylvania?

By Beverly Bird

Most states -- including Pennsylvania -- go out of their way to allow spouses to divorce according to their own terms. You're encouraged to reach a settlement agreement and submit it to a judge, as this avoids the need for trial. But your agreement isn't a court order. It's just a contract that dictates the terms under which you and your spouse will end your marriage. Even if you notarize it, it doesn't finalize your divorce.

Most states -- including Pennsylvania -- go out of their way to allow spouses to divorce according to their own terms. You're encouraged to reach a settlement agreement and submit it to a judge, as this avoids the need for trial. But your agreement isn't a court order. It's just a contract that dictates the terms under which you and your spouse will end your marriage. Even if you notarize it, it doesn't finalize your divorce.

Pennsylvania Divorce Options

Pennsylvania offers four options for legally ending your marriage. One is rarely used, because it requires that your spouse be institutionalized in a mental hospital. You can file on fault grounds, and if you do, you must prove to the court that one spouse is to blame for the divorce. You can wait out a two-year separation period and file for a no-fault divorce, or you and your spouse can mutually agree to the divorce and file an affidavit, attesting to this. If you elect this option, you can be divorced in 90 days if you submit a signed and notarized settlement agreement to the court.

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Submitting Your Agreement

Pennsylvania recognizes two types of settlement documents: marital agreements and property agreements. The latter only deals with financial issues. If you have children, you'll need a comprehensive marital agreement. Both agreements are enforceable as contracts, but they don't grant you a divorce. You can only be officially divorced when you file a petition to end your marriage, then resolve property and custody issues either by trial or agreement. When you submit an agreement to the court, a judge incorporates its terms into a divorce decree.

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References

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Michigan Law on Divorce Settlements

Michigan is one of the few states where judges can consider marital misconduct when dividing property in a divorce. Spouses can avoid a judge taking fault into consideration at trial by negotiating their own divorce settlement, called a property settlement agreement in Michigan. However, Michigan law regarding these settlements is somewhat complicated.

Arkansas Laws for Separation

Marital separation can be particularly complicated in Arkansas because the state recognizes two types of marriages and three kinds of legal separation. Sorting through all the laws and rules pertaining to each can be daunting, but the method of separation you choose comes down to a few basics: your personal preferences, your ability to negotiate and how you got married.

What is a Consent Decree of Dissolution of Marriage?

Divorce does not have to be a battleground. State courts generally do everything they can to help spouses avoid ugly litigation. In 2010, New York become the final state to recognize no-fault divorce so blame for the demise of a marriage no longer has to be an issue. All jurisdictions encourage spouses to try to resolve their marriage on their own terms before a court will rule on their divorce, also called a dissolution. If spouses can accomplish this, they can divorce by consenting to terms that resolve all marital issues. The result is a consent decree.

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