How to Check If Something Has a Copyright on It

By Anna Assad

Copyright is a type of intellectual property law that protects the original works of various artists, including novelists and musicians from theft and misuse by other parties. Registration of a copyright with the United States Copyright Office allows the claimant — the owner of the copyright — to take legal action against any unauthorized use of the copyrighted work. You can check current registrations to see if a work has been copyrighted. Copyright registrations filed in 1978 or later can be searched online, but copyrights filed before 1978 require in-person research.

Copyright is a type of intellectual property law that protects the original works of various artists, including novelists and musicians from theft and misuse by other parties. Registration of a copyright with the United States Copyright Office allows the claimant — the owner of the copyright — to take legal action against any unauthorized use of the copyrighted work. You can check current registrations to see if a work has been copyrighted. Copyright registrations filed in 1978 or later can be searched online, but copyrights filed before 1978 require in-person research.

1978 to Present

Step 1

Use the online copyright catalog search at the United States Copyright Office's official website. You can search by the title, name and keyword for specific searches; use "keyword" if you're not sure of the title or name. A keyword search returns any copyright records with the keyword in it. For example, if you're looking for a copyrighted play that centers on a globe, "globe" is a possible keyword.

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Step 2

View the results. The results are arranged in alphabetical order by work title.

Step 3

Use the "Other Search Options" search if you need to narrow down the results. You can narrow down the results by date or year filed or by index name. Index name searches use specific information from registered copyrights, such as the physical description or the copyright's claimant, to filter results. The index name codes you need to search specific indexes are listed on the United States Copyright Office's official website.

Before 1978

Step 1

Visit a local public library. Ask the librarian for permission to view the library's copy of the copyright card catalog.

Step 2

Search the catalog copy. The catalog is organized by year registered and class of work. There were 15 classes used prior to 1978, such as "book" and "painting." Determine the work's class and locate the group of cards in the catalog. Search the class for the work; read each card. Cards usually contain the name of the work, its author, the claimant's name and the publication date.

Step 3

Visit the James Madison Memorial Building in the Library of Congress if you need to search more thoroughly or are looking for more information about a particular copyright. The full catalog of copyrights registered before 1978 is available for public inspection at: Library of Congress James Madison Memorial Building, Room LM-404 101 Independence Avenue SE Washington, DC 20559-6300.

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How to Run a Copyright Check for Songs

References

Resources

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How to Identify a Copyright

Identifying items that are copyrighted can help you avoid committing copyright infringement, and locating the owner of a copyright is vital if you would like to purchase a license enabling you to use a copyrighted item. The U.S. Copyright Office provides a list of registered copyrighted items and is an excellent starting point for locating copyright owners. However, an owner does not have to register copyrights to own the rights to its item, so it's vital to look for other clues that an item might be copyrighted.

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Comic creations feature an abundance of copyrightable matter, including detailed art work, unique graphics and creative text. You can register your original creative work as a literary work or a visual art work. Complete the copyright registration application online or on paper. For paper applications, use form TX for literary works or form VA for visual art. You must include at least one copy of your comic creation with your electronic or paper application.

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Copyright protection is secured automatically upon the creation of a work. However, registering with the U.S. Copyright Office ensures the owner of the copyright can sue for infringement as well as receive damages and attorney's fees. The general public can search for copyrighted materials using tools made available by the U.S. Copyright Office.

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