How to Complete an SS4 for a Testamentary Trust

By Jeff Franco J.D./M.A./M.B.A.

If you’re the trustee of a testamentary trust – meaning you are responsible for a trust that a decedent created through a will – you may need to complete IRS Form SS-4 to obtain an employer identification number, or EIN. Since you must file annual income tax returns to report trust earnings, the EIN identifies the trust in the same way that a Social Security number identifies an individual.

If you’re the trustee of a testamentary trust – meaning you are responsible for a trust that a decedent created through a will – you may need to complete IRS Form SS-4 to obtain an employer identification number, or EIN. Since you must file annual income tax returns to report trust earnings, the EIN identifies the trust in the same way that a Social Security number identifies an individual.

General Trust Information

As is the case with most types of IRS forms, the top of Form SS-4 requires some general information about the trust. The first piece of information is the name of the trust within the trust document; however, you should leave the “trade name of business” line blank since this doesn’t usually apply to testamentary trusts. Form SS-4 also requires your name, as trustee, or the name of the entity you work for, as well as the address where all trust-related correspondence should be sent. Lastly, you need to repeat the name you reported as trustee on the “responsible party” line along with your Social Security number or the EIN of your employer.

Protect your loved ones by a legally binding will. Make a Will Online Now

Type of Entity

Immediately following the general information section of Form SS-4, there is a question asking whether the application is for a limited liability company. Mark the “no” box and skip the remaining LLC-related questions until you reach the “Type of entity” line. You must check the box for trusts and report the trust grantor’s SSN. The grantor is another name for the decedent who creates and funds the trust through a will.

Reason for Applying

In the middle of Form SS-4, the IRS requires you to provide the reason for the EIN application. Check the box for “Created a trust” and on the line immediately to the right, indicate the specific type of trust it is. Keep in mind that any type of trust that takes effect at the creator’s death is a testamentary trust, but here you need to report a more specific category that relates to the purpose of the trust, such as whether it’s a life insurance trust, spendthrift trust or credit shelter trust, for example.

Accounting Year and Employees

As you move on to complete the SS-4 form, you can skip the question that relates to business start-up dates, but you must answer the question that requests information about principal lines of business. Trustees of most testamentary trusts can check the “other” box and write “trust” on the accompanying line. Additionally, you must indicate the trust’s tax year, which is generally the same as a calendar year, whether the trust has any employees (a trustee isn’t an employee), employee-related wage information and whether the trust has ever applied for an EIN in the past. To complete the SS-4 form, sign the bottom of it and include the name, address and phone number of any third party designee you authorize to receive the EIN – which takes approximately four weeks when mailing the SS-4 form to the IRS.

Protect your loved ones by a legally binding will. Make a Will Online Now
How to Set Up a Tax ID Number for a Trust Account

References

Related articles

How to Change Name of an LLC in California

In California, the main document needed to form a limited liability company is called the articles of organization. If you change the name of your LLC, you must notify the state by filing an amendment to the articles of organization within 30 days of the change. The required form for making an amendment to LLC filings is available online.

How Should an LLC Business File for an EIN Number?

An Employer Identification Number, or EIN, is a specific number assigned to a business by the IRS. The number is used to identify the business to the IRS and corresponding state tax departments for tax purposes. A limited liability company must apply for an EIN if required to do so under IRS or state tax rules, but the best EIN application method depends on how quickly the EIN is needed and the availability of the person applying for the company.

How do I Obtain a Federal Tax ID When Forming an LLC?

Every individual and independent business entity in the United States that is required to pay federal taxes must have a taxpayer identification number assigned by the IRS. For individuals, the number is called a Social Security number. For businesses, it is an employer identification number, or EIN. A business can obtain an EIN by using the electronic application on the IRS website, by mailing in the appropriate form or by calling the IRS directly on a phone line dedicated to assigning tax identification numbers.

LegalZoom. Legal help is here. Start Here. Wills. Trusts. Attorney help.

Related articles

How to Get an EIN for a Revocable Trust

A revocable trust is a legal device that allows a grantor to donate property to a group of beneficiaries, but to have ...

How to Fill Out an SS-4 for a Special Needs Trust

A special needs trust is used to provide for the needs of an individual with a disability. It ensures that government ...

How to Obtain a Tax ID Number for a Living Trust

A living trust is a popular estate planning tool. The person who creates the trust, the "grantor," transfers ...

How to Complete an SS-4 for an LLC

An Employer Identification Number, or EIN, is a nine-digit identification number assigned by the IRS to business ...

Browse by category