Conditions for Marriage Annulment in North Carolina

By Mary Jane Freeman

North Carolina, like most states, allows parties to obtain an annulment rather than a divorce. Qualifying for an annulment isn't easy, however. Certain conditions must be met. If a court finds that grounds for annulment are present, it will grant the request. Unlike a divorce decree, which ends a marriage that legally exists, an order of annulment treats the marriage as though it never existed at all.

North Carolina, like most states, allows parties to obtain an annulment rather than a divorce. Qualifying for an annulment isn't easy, however. Certain conditions must be met. If a court finds that grounds for annulment are present, it will grant the request. Unlike a divorce decree, which ends a marriage that legally exists, an order of annulment treats the marriage as though it never existed at all.

Filing

Obtaining an annulment in North Carolina involves submitting a petition to the district court in your county. You must provide your reason, or grounds. The court will determine if your marriage is either void or voidable, both of which are conditions for annulment. If the court annuls your marriage, it's treated as though it never occurred. If you don't qualify for an annulment and you want to end the marriage, you will have to file for divorce instead. If issues such as property division must be resolved, the court will render a decision on these matters as well.

Divorce is never easy, but we can help. Learn More

Void Marriages

A void marriage is one that is considered invalid as of its inception; it's unlawful and incapable of legal recognition. With such marriages, court intervention is not necessary and an official annulment is not required. You can go your separate ways and you're free to marry other people. In North Carolina, only one type of union meets this condition – a bigamous marriage in which one of you is already married and you enter into a new marriage without legally ending the first one. Although receiving an official annulment is not required for bigamous marriages, it might be helpful to get one anyway to eliminate any confusion that may arise later.

Voidable Marriages

Unlike bigamous marriages, voidable marriages are not illegal from the start. The only way to end a voidable marriage in North Carolina is to seek a court order canceling it. Only certain conditions are recognized by state law as giving rise to a voidable marriage. These include marriages between family members who are double cousins or with a lineage closer than first cousins, and persons who are younger than 16 when they marry. Voidable marriages also include situations in which one spouse is impotent or lacks the mental capacity to consent to marriage. A marriage is also voidable if it was entered into because of a false pregnancy claim.

Potential Disqualifications

Although a marriage involving someone younger than 16 is voidable in North Carolina, some exceptions exist to this rule. If a teenager between the ages of 14 and 16 is pregnant, she can marry after getting a court order granting her permission. In this case, her age at the time she married does not make the marriage voidable. If one of the parties is currently pregnant or if a child was born to the marriage, it is not voidable. If the child is dead when the annulment is filed, however, the marriage is eligible for annulment. In the case of impotence, the condition must have existed at the time of the marriage and it must be diagnosed by a doctor. A marriage due to a false pregnancy claim is only voidable if the parties separate within 45 days of the marriage and if a child is not born within 10 lunar months of that date.

Divorce is never easy, but we can help. Learn More
What Is the Process for an Annulment in the State of New Hampshire?

References

Related articles

Basis for Annulment

Couples often mistakenly assume that an annulment is an easier, cheaper and quicker alternative to a divorce, but in fact, obtaining an annulment is generally more difficult. State laws allow annulment in only limited circumstances. Couples cannot get an annulment unless their situation fits one of their state's legal grounds, or bases, for annulment. The process and bases for annulment varies by state, but annulment generally is not based on the length of time the couple has been married.

What Is the Time Limit for Getting an Annulment in the State of Nevada?

Nevada allows couples to annul a marriage in a limited number of cases. Because of the wide availability of divorce, state law strictly limits the grounds for which an annulment may be sought. In addition, while there is typically no time limit for bringing the action, an exception applies to marriages based on age of consent, which must be brought within one year after the minor child reaches 18.

What Are the Laws About Annulled Marriages in Arkansas?

Annulling a marriage is a legal process that dissolves a marriage and results in a declaration that the marriage never existed. This differs from a divorce, because a divorce simply terminates a marriage, whereas annulment invalidates it. Family law is a topic governed by state law and Arkansas has established requirements for couples to get married, as well as processes and requirements to end those marriages.

Get Divorced Online

Related articles

Reasons an Annulment Will Be Approved

Annulment isn't a quick and easy fix to a bad marriage, although it's sometimes rumored to be. Much like fault-based ...

Missouri Annulment Information

An annulment in Missouri is known as a "declaration of invalidity of marriage." Despite Missouri's unique ...

Annulment Laws in Kansas

Whereas a divorce ends a marriage, an annulment is a finding that the marriage was not valid and never existed. Grounds ...

What Is the Law for Annulments in the State of Oregon?

If you are contemplating an annulment of your marriage, you should know that grounds for an annulment are limited in ...

Browse by category