What Is the Consequence of Not Policing Your Trademark?

By Cindy Hill

Trademark is any design, word or phrase that uniquely identifies your company's goods or services. Trademark rights attach when you are the first to use the mark in commerce, or when you register a mark with your state or federal trademark office. Registration bolsters trademark protection and allows the holder to sue infringers in federal court. Actively policing a trademark is necessary to ensure it is not deemed invalid.

Trademark is any design, word or phrase that uniquely identifies your company's goods or services. Trademark rights attach when you are the first to use the mark in commerce, or when you register a mark with your state or federal trademark office. Registration bolsters trademark protection and allows the holder to sue infringers in federal court. Actively policing a trademark is necessary to ensure it is not deemed invalid.

Abandonment

Trademark rights can last forever, as long as you continue to use the mark in connection with goods or services in commerce. Courts deem a trademark to be lost through abandonment if the holder does not use the trademark for three consecutive years. Actively managing trademarks to ensure they are publicly used on an ongoing or periodic basis can prevent the trademark from being canceled due to non-use.

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Generic Use

A trademark can be lost due to genericity, or the process of becoming generic over time, if the owner doesn't promptly object to people using the mark as an ordinary verb or noun. Terms like "thermos," "aspirin," and "cellophane" were once corporate trademarks, but lost their trademark status once the terms passed into the general public lexicon. Courts include the degree to which a trademark owner has policed her trademark as a factor considered when determining whether trademark protection should be voided due to genericity.

Infringement

Failing to police your trademark can result in losing the right to bring a lawsuit for infringement against someone who is using a similar mark. Delay in filing infringement lawsuits when you are aware someone is using your trademark gives rise to a legal concept known as "laches," which effectively means that you are locked out of asserting your rights for failure to act in a timely fashion. Courts consider the level of diligence you exercised in protecting your trademark as one element considered when determining whether you are precluded from prevailing in an infringement lawsuit.

Economic Losses and Damages

Failing to adequately police your trademark can result in a loss of business income, as consumers become less able to distinguish your products from those of your competitors. Failure to actively promote and protect your trademark can also result in an inability to secure damages in trademark enforcement lawsuits based on dilution -- using a similar trademark on different products that diminishes the distinctive quality of the mark. To secure damages in a dilution suit, the trademark holder must demonstrate their mark was famous by showing how the mark was extensively used and advertised.

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What Is a Trademark's Duration?

References

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Does a Trademark Prevent Naming Something?

You’re surrounded by trademarks every day. For example, the names Pepsi, Coke, RC Cola, Merry Maids all define specific goods or services. These trademarks help eliminate potential confusion among consumers when they are confronted with similar goods. If your trademark is registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office, you may be able to exclude others throughout the country from using your trademark to identify similar good or services.

Trademark Violations & Customs

According to the U.S. Patent and Trademark office, a trademark includes "any word, name, symbol, device or combination, used to identify and distinguish the goods or services of one seller or provider from those of others." Trademark infringement can occur when importing a good into the United States. In these cases, the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement office may become involved.

Enforcing A Trademark

Trademark law grants a monopoly on the use of a word, phrase, symbol or design that distinctively identifies a product used in commerce. You can protect your trademark locally by using it in commerce before anyone else does. You can protect it nationally by registering it with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. It is also possible to protect your trademark internationally. You are entitled to sue an infringing party and collect damages.

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