What Does Dissolution Without Children Mean?

By Wayne Thomas

For parents of minor children, custody and support matters add a separate layer to the divorce process. Depending on state laws, parents often have more obligations that non-parents, such as attending parenting classes and making additional disclosures. For this reason, and to avoid confusion, many states offer a different filing procedure for parties without children.

For parents of minor children, custody and support matters add a separate layer to the divorce process. Depending on state laws, parents often have more obligations that non-parents, such as attending parenting classes and making additional disclosures. For this reason, and to avoid confusion, many states offer a different filing procedure for parties without children.

Divorce and Children

A divorce, also known as a dissolution action, begins when you complete and file a complaint form. Many states have separate forms, depending on whether you have children. In determining how you should file, most states only consider children in a divorce case, if you and your spouse are the legal parents and the child is 18 or under or still in high school. If you have no minor children but your spouse is currently pregnant and you are the father, some states allow you to initially file the forms for a dissolution without children. However, you may be required to check the appropriate box that you acknowledge that custody and support will be addressed when the child is born.

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Divorce is never easy, but we can help. Learn More
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How to File for Divorce for Free in Florida

The state of Florida requires that divorces begin with a Petition for Dissolution of Marriage. This sets the legal process of divorce in motion; eventually, the courts will hear the case and a judge will sign a final decree, at which point the divorce is complete and legal. Although the process can be expensive, state law provides for filing free of charge for those who qualify.

How to Obtain a Divorce in Ohio When the Location of the Spouse Is Unknown

In Ohio, a couple can terminate their marriage by obtaining a dissolution of marriage or a divorce. In some cases, annulment is also an option. With a dissolution of marriage, fault grounds are not an issue; however, a dissolution petition is not filed with the court until the parties have reached an agreement on all issues that must be addressed in a divorce matter, including division of property, custody and maintenance. Both parties must appear in court. If you cannot locate your spouse, you must file for a divorce. Although the process takes some time, it is relatively simple to obtain a divorce. If you have children or significant assets with your spouse, consider hiring a legal and/or financial professional to guide you through the divorce process. You may also consider using an online legal preparation website to prepare and file your divorce forms.

Forms for Sole Custody in Arizona

As a parent, you may file for sole legal and physical custody of your children in an Arizona county court as long as you, the other parent or children live in the Arizona county where you're filing. The parent with sole legal custody makes major decisions for the child. Physical custody refers to the person with whom the child lives. Having sole custody doesn't mean the other parent doesn't see the children. The court may award the other parent "parenting time," which is court-ordered visitation time. A parent may file a petition for sole custody in Arizona as long as the children have lived in the state for at least six months or since birth; however, the petition you need to file depends on your circumstances.

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