An operating agreement for a limited liability company (LLC) sets the parameters for how the company conducts business, how it is managed, how profits and losses are handled and other items. States have various requirements regarding operating agreements. Some require that LLCs with more than one member create an operating agreement. However, other states only recommend creating the document. Depending on the state law, agreements may be oral or written.
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Compiling Operating Agreement Content
Create a list of the items to include in an operating agreement. The Citizen Media Project at Harvard Law School provides a guide for creating an operating agreement (see References).
Create a blank document in a word processing program for typing the information needed for a draft of your operating agreement. Use a sample agreement as a guide for formatting and organization (see Resources).
Type the name, initial registered office and principal office of the LLC as the first items in your document. The parts of the document can be called chapters, sections or any other segment title you prefer.
Write a statement explaining that the agreement is in accordance with state law and commences after the proper LLC documents have been filed with the state.
State the purpose of the LLC. This should include a short statement about the exact nature of the LLC’s business.
Write a paragraph that explains the management structure of the LLC. LLCs are either member-managed or manager-managed. In a member-managed company, any member can make business decisions on behalf of the LLC. In a manager-managed arranged, the members elect managers to make business decisions.
Type the names and addresses of the founding members and the managers. Include the titles of the elected managers such as president, vice-president, treasurer.
Write a section on rules and vote-taking during meetings. Use a sample LLC operating agreement as a guide (see References).
Write a section detailing the initial capital contributions of all members. If this is long, include an appendix with in-depth details. Include information on the obligations of members to make future contributions and if members are entitled to interest on contributions.
Write a section on how profits and losses are allocated among members. The section may include information on the frequency of distributions and also information on how the company chooses to be taxed. The IRS allows LLCs a choice of being taxed as a partnership, corporation or sole proprietorship.
Write a section on how interest is transferred among members including buy-out provisions and the policies for adding new members.
Write a section detailing a dissolution policy for the LLC. This can include information on what percentage of member votes are needed in order to dissolve the company.
Create a section that includes the signature and date of each member.
Add appendix material as needed to expand upon details in the agreement sections.