How to Draft a Will With a No-Contest Clause

By Beverly Bird

If you expect that one of your beneficiaries is not going to be happy with what you left him in your last will and testament, you might consider adding a no-contest clause. Also called "in terrorem" clauses, they make your beneficiaries think twice before contesting or challenging your will. No-contest clauses state that your beneficiary gets nothing -- not even the gift you bequeathed him -- if he contests your will and loses in court.

If you expect that one of your beneficiaries is not going to be happy with what you left him in your last will and testament, you might consider adding a no-contest clause. Also called "in terrorem" clauses, they make your beneficiaries think twice before contesting or challenging your will. No-contest clauses state that your beneficiary gets nothing -- not even the gift you bequeathed him -- if he contests your will and loses in court.

Step 1

Check your state's laws regarding no-contest clauses. Not all states recognize them, and among those that do, some are more lax about enforcing them than others. For example, Florida courts won't honor a no-contest clause, so you're probably wasting your time including one. However, Virginia usually upholds them.

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Step 2

Decide whether the clause really will act as a deterrent against will challenges, taking into consideration how much you're going to leave each beneficiary. For example, if you leave someone only $500, he doesn't have much to lose if he contests your will and loses everything. If you've left him $200,000, he may not want to risk that, even if he thinks he should have received more.

Step 3

Draft your will as you normally would, making your bequests. Include an extra paragraph for your no-contest clause. State that you have "intentionally and with full knowledge" made your bequests the way you have. State explicitly that if any of your beneficiaries -- the people named in your will to inherit your property -- contest it, their inheritance under the will is deemed forfeited. Alternatively, you can state that if any of your named beneficiaries challenge your will, that beneficiary will receive only a nominal amount, such as $5.

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References

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What Is a Universal Heir?

Creating a will gives you the opportunity to dictate who gets what after you die. After paying off your debts, the probate court distributes any remaining assets to your loved ones according to the directions you provided in your will. If you leave all of your remaining assets to one person rather than stipulating that the court divide your assets between more than one party, the beneficiary of the inheritance is your “sole” or “universal” heir.

Blood Relatives & Wills

If you make a will, you can leave property to your blood relatives -- your children, grandchildren, parents, siblings and other biological relatives -- or you can exclude them from your will. If you die without leaving a will, a state probate court will divide your property between your spouse, if you are married, and some of your blood relatives. If you leave a will that is unclear, doesn't follow your state's requirements for a valid will, or contains odd provisions that suggest you are not mentally competent, your blood relatives can challenge the will.

Illinois Laws on Wills

A valid will can nominate someone to manage your estate and detail how your property should be distributed when you die. In Illinois, wills must comply with the Illinois Compiled Statutes, which address requirements such as the age and mental condition of the person making the will. If your will doesn't meet these requirements, it may be declared invalid, and your estate will be distributed according to state law.

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