Failure to Execute Fiduciary Responsibilities as an Executor of a Will

By Beverly Bird

An executor is not guilty of misconduct if he does not get along with the will’s beneficiaries or puts the estate’s liquid assets into a savings account rather than an investment account. Generally, he must violate some law, misappropriate or fail to protect the estate’s assets, or use the assets for his own financial gain. But if he does any of these things, the beneficiaries have legal recourse.

An executor is not guilty of misconduct if he does not get along with the will’s beneficiaries or puts the estate’s liquid assets into a savings account rather than an investment account. Generally, he must violate some law, misappropriate or fail to protect the estate’s assets, or use the assets for his own financial gain. But if he does any of these things, the beneficiaries have legal recourse.

Action by Court

If an executor fails to take any responsibility at all for probating the will or opening the estate, the courts in most states will get involved within a relatively short period of time and the beneficiaries do not have to do anything. For instance, in North Carolina, the clerk of the Superior Court will file a petition to demand the removal of the executor within 30 days if the executor does nothing.

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Probate Petition by Beneficiaries

When the beneficiaries can prove misconduct on the part of the executor while the will is still in probate, they can petition the court to have the executor removed from office. But only the beneficiaries or one of the deceased’s creditors can do this. The person initiating the action must have some financial stake in the estate. If such a person files an application in probate court to remove an executor, the court holds a hearing and the executor gets an opportunity to tell his side of the story.

Law Suit by Beneficiaries

Another option for beneficiaries is to file a civil suit for damages against an executor who fails to perform her fiduciary duties. For this reason, most states require an executor to post bond before assuming office unless the terms of the will expressly waive this requirement. Bond is an insurance policy that will pay damages assessed against the executor in a law suit by the beneficiaries. The grounds for this option are more difficult to meet than a petition filed with the probate court. The beneficiaries must prove that they suffered financial harm because of the executor’s negligence.

Restitution

Sometimes grievances against an executor can be settled without going to court. In some cases, the beneficiaries and the executor can resolve their differences if the executor agrees to compensate them for any financial damage they suffered due to fiduciary mismanagement. Sometimes the court will simply require that the executor repay the beneficiaries any lost income without also assessing punitive damages, or a monetary punishment for wrongdoing. In these cases, the executor would only have to make good for monies lost due to his failure to execute the will properly.

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Removing a Successor Trustee

References

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Grounds for Removing an Executor in Texas

Under Texas law, you can be removed as the executor of an estate for a number of reasons, although your conduct must be quite egregious for removal. Even if you have an apparent conflict of interest between your duties as an executor and rights as a beneficiary, if designated as one in the will, a Texas court may be reluctant to remove you unless you have clearly failed to carry out your fiduciary duties of honesty and good faith toward both the creditors and beneficiaries of the estate.

What if You Violated an Irrevocable Trust?

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Executor & Beneficiary Rights to an Estate

Executors and beneficiaries of a will have a unique relationship under the law. An executor’s role is to ensure the management of a deceased person’s estate complies with the decedent’s will and the probate rules of the state where he died. The executor also has a responsibility to the decedent’s beneficiaries to ensure each one gets the property the decedent wanted them to have, as defined by the will. This process can become difficult if the executor is also a beneficiary of the estate. Therefore, it is vital the executor and all beneficiaries have a clear understanding of what rights they have regarding an estate.

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