Is a Handwritten Will Legal?

By A.L. Kennedy

A handwritten or "holographic" will is a will written entirely in the handwriting of the testator, or the person making the will, according to The Free Legal Dictionary. Not all U.S. states recognize a holographic will as valid, according to MedLawPlus. Those states that recognize handwritten wills usually allow the will to be unwitnessed as long as it is signed by the testator and is written in the testator's handwriting.

A handwritten or "holographic" will is a will written entirely in the handwriting of the testator, or the person making the will, according to The Free Legal Dictionary. Not all U.S. states recognize a holographic will as valid, according to MedLawPlus. Those states that recognize handwritten wills usually allow the will to be unwitnessed as long as it is signed by the testator and is written in the testator's handwriting.

Requirements

Those states that recognize holographic wills generally require the signature on the will and "material portions" of the will to be in the testator's handwriting, according to MedLawPlus. These states permit you to use a preprinted form to guide you, or to write out the will entirely in your own handwriting. Some states, such as Louisiana, permit holographic wills only if they are written entirely in the testator's handwriting, with no other handwriting or printing on the pages of the will, according to MedLawPlus. A handwritten will must always be signed and dated and should state that it is the testator's last will and testament, according to MedLawPlus. A holographic will may be made by anyone who is at least 18 years old and of sound mind, according to FindLaw, as long as the state permits holographic wills.

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Amendments

Whether a will is handwritten or typed, most states that accept handwritten wills will also accept a handwritten amendment to a will, according to the American Bar Association. Known as a codicil, an amendment is usually used when only one specific provision in a will needs to be changed. For example, a codicil may be used to add or remove the name of a child who has been born or has died. A handwritten codicil must be signed and dated just like a handwritten will and should be kept with the will, according to the American Bar Association.

Witnesses

Although most states that allow handwritten wills do not require them to be witnessed, having at least two witnesses to watch you sign your handwritten will provides additional evidence to support the will's validity, according to FindLaw. If you choose to have witnesses, do not sign your will until your witnesses are watching and know it is your will that you are signing. Witnesses should sign their name beneath your signature, write the date and write a brief statement that they know this is your will and watched you sign it, according to FindLaw.

Notarization

States that recognize handwritten or holographic wills usually do not require these wills to be notarized, according to MedLawPlus. However, some states recognize notarization, when combined with the signatures of witnesses, to make a will "self-proving," or able to be submitted to the probate court without quizzing the witnesses as to whether their signatures are genuine. If you choose to have a handwritten will notarized, you and your witnesses should all sign and date the will in the notary's presence before the notary notarizes the will, according to MedLawPlus.

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Is a Self Made Will Legal if Notarized?

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Are Handwritten Wills Legal in Louisiana If Not Notarized?

Under Louisiana law, an olographic will is one written, signed and dated entirely in the handwriting of the testator, or person making the will, according to Louisiana Civil Code 1575. A handwritten or olographic will is generally considered valid in Louisiana as long as the entire will is in the testator's own handwriting, even if the will is not notarized, according to Louisiana Civil Code 1574 and 1575.

Can a Notarized Will Be Accepted as a Legal Document in North Carolina?

A will is a valid legal document in any state, provided that it meets the laws and qualifications of that jurisdiction. In North Carolina, requirements for legal wills appear in Chapter 31 of the state’s General Statutes. Your will does not have to be notarized for it to be a valid, legal document. Even if it is notarized, it may not be valid and legal unless it meets the state’s other requirements.

Rules About Wills

Your will explains to those you leave behind how you want them to deal with your property when you die. It also allows you to appoint someone you trust to handle your estate, as well as to appoint a guardian for your minor children. Although there is no set form for wills across all states, a few basic rules can make a will valid in the eyes of a probate court.

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