A general partnership is an agreement between two or more people to go into business together. This type of organization is subject to state law and agreements between the owners of the business. In most situations, the partners can decide how they want to operate the business by drafting a partnership agreement, a set of rules governing business operations. If an agreement does not address a particular issue, the laws of the state where the partnership is headquartered will govern how the business is to act in those circumstances. As a result, a partnership agreement can be quite detailed. However, there are some key sections that can be especially important.
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Partnership Financial Rights
Many partnership agreements address the financial rights and obligations of a partnership. Absent an agreement saying otherwise, it is often assumed with general partnerships that each owner has equal rights and responsibilities. That means each partner has to contribute the same amount of money to the business and each gets an equal share of the partnership’s income and losses. A partnership agreement can establish rules so that a group of partners are required to pay more and receive more of the business’s profits, in comparison to other owners.
Unless a partnership agreement says otherwise, in a general partnership all partners have equal authority regarding the day-to-day operations of the business, as well as the ability to enter the partnership into binding contracts. A partnership agreement can limit the authority of individual partners. Limitations may be placed on the authority of individual partners for a host of reasons, ranging from a partner not having the qualifications to make business decisions to a partner not wanting the responsibility of making decisions for the business.
Another issue is how to approve certain “big picture issues,” such as bringing on a new partner. Larger decisions that require a consensus among all owners generally require a vote. The partnership agreement can identify certain questions that may require a minimum vote tally, ranging from a simple majority to complete agreement among the partners. When reviewing the partnership agreement, it is important to determine what situation needs to be voted on and what vote is required to make that decision.
How to Resolve Disputes
Some disputes between partners may be so significant that an outside party will need to make the decision. Some partnership agreements contain “mediation clauses” that compel partners to find a third-party to review the issue and make a decision for the partnership. The benefit of a mediation clause is that it diminishes the probability of the partnership having to go to court to settle the issue.
Death or Withdrawal of Partner
Absent a provision in the partnership agreement, when a partner dies or withdraws the partnership generally dissolves, with the property being divided amongst the living partners and deceased partner’s estate. However, provisions can be included in a partnership agreement that would allow the partnership to continue while still compensating the departing partner or his estate.