Maryland: Personal Representative Rights of a Will

By A.L. Kennedy

The personal representative, also known as the executor, is the person who wraps up the estate's affairs and carries out the instructions in the will after the estate's owner dies. In Maryland, the personal representative works closely with the Orphans' Court. Personal representatives in Maryland have certain rights that allow them to carry out their duties.

The personal representative, also known as the executor, is the person who wraps up the estate's affairs and carries out the instructions in the will after the estate's owner dies. In Maryland, the personal representative works closely with the Orphans' Court. Personal representatives in Maryland have certain rights that allow them to carry out their duties.

Obtain Contact Information

A personal representative in Maryland receives her rights from the Orphans' Court when the court gives her letters of representation, a legal document that confers the rights needed to manage the estate. One of the first rights the personal representative uses after receiving her letters of representation is the right to find out the contact information of the deceased person's beneficiaries and creditors. The personal representative also has the right and the duty to contact the beneficiaries and creditors to inform them the probate estate has been opened.

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Take Possession of and Appraise Property

A Maryland personal representative has a duty to file an inventory of the estate with the Orphans' Court. To carry out this duty, the personal representative is given the right to take possession of the estate's property, to manage it so value is not lost and to hire an appraiser at the estate's expense to assess the value of the property. Maryland law requires an appraisal of the fair market value of each piece of real and personal property in the estate on the date of the deceased person's death, according to the Maryland Register of Wills.

Manage Bank Accounts and Other Investments

The personal representative of a Maryland estate must pay the estate's bills and manage its assets. To perform this duty, he has the right to access the estate's bank accounts and other investments. The personal representative may open, close or transfer funds in and out of bank accounts; use bank account funds to pay the estate's bills; and manage, invest or sell investments to raise the money necessary to pay the estate's bills, according to the Maryland Register of Wills.

Receive Compensation

A Maryland personal representative may receive compensation for her work on the estate. Compensation is paid according to Maryland law. As of 2010, a personal representative could receive up to 9 percent of an estate worth $20,000 or less. For an estate worth over $20,000, the personal representative could receive up to $1,800 plus 3.6 percent of the estate value over $20,000. Payments for debts the estate owed the personal representative before the estate's owner died must be approved separately by the Orphans' Court, according to the Maryland Register of Wills.

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Executor Duties & Rights in Handling a Will

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Maine Statutes for Executors of Wills

In Maine, the executor of a will is referred to as a personal representative. The statutes regarding the duties of the personal representative are found under "Probate of Wills and Administration," in Maine's Revised Statutes. A personal representative may be a relative or friend of the decedent or an attorney or financial institution.

How to Prove That an Estate Is Solvent in Georgia

Georgia law defines a solvent estate as one that has the funds to cover all exemptions and pay all debts according to the hierarchy of debt payment provided by statute. In Georgia, a portion of an estate's value is protected from creditor claims. Debts of the estate are then paid in order according to Georgia statute. Unsecured creditors are paid last if the estate has the money, or assets left to liquidate, to pay them. Georgia estates are assumed solvent unless and until the estate runs out of money or assets available for liquidation during the debt payment portion of the probate process.

Oregon Laws Regarding Executors of Estates

An executor is someone named in a will to manage the appointer's estate after death. Under Oregon law, an executor is officially known as a personal representative. State law spells out rights and responsibilities of a personal representative, including the duty to gather and distribute the estate's assets to the heirs, as well as the compensation owed a personal representative for his work.

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