Non-Custodial Visitation Rights in Massachusetts

By Brenna Davis

Parents filing for visitation are often faced with a dizzying array of pleadings they must file and evidence they must provide. In Massachusetts, there are general guidelines judges must follow when making custody determinations. Massachusetts law is gender-neutral with regard to custody decisions. Both parents have equal rights to their children with most custody hearings occurring in the Probate and Family Court. Cases involving abuse may be heard in the District Court.

Parents filing for visitation are often faced with a dizzying array of pleadings they must file and evidence they must provide. In Massachusetts, there are general guidelines judges must follow when making custody determinations. Massachusetts law is gender-neutral with regard to custody decisions. Both parents have equal rights to their children with most custody hearings occurring in the Probate and Family Court. Cases involving abuse may be heard in the District Court.

Best Interests Standard

All child custody determinations -- including visitation arrangements -- are made according to the "best interests of the child" standard. In Massachusetts, there are no specific factors a judge must examine; however, she is likely to consider factors such as each parent's attachment to and time spent with the child, the age of the child, the wishes of the child and the child's adjustment to her environment. Massachusetts treats both parents as equals in preliminary custody proceedings and, when visitation arrangements are established, there is a strong presumption in favor of visitation for the non-custodial parent.

Divorce is never easy, but we can help. Learn More

Joint Legal Custody

In joint legal custody arrangements, both parents have equal say over decisions involving the child, such as education and medical treatment. One parent may, however, have primary physical custody of the child. This means that one parent's house is the child's primary residence; this parent is known as the "custodial parent" or "primary custodian." In these custody arrangements, the non-custodial parent has the right to attend doctor's appointments, extracurricular activities and other events involving the child. The parent is also typically granted generous visitation by a final custody order.

Sole Legal Custody

In sole legal custody arrangements, only one parent has final decision-making authority over the child. There may be a parenting plan in which the non-custodial parent's visitation schedule is outlined. If there is not a parenting plan, the non-custodial parent must ask the custodial parent to see the child 24 hours in advance and the custodial parent must grant reasonable requests.

Custody Procedure

Visitation is usually granted as part of a divorce or paternity proceeding. In the initial proceeding, state law presumes that both parents have equal rights to the child. Fathers who were not married to the child's mother at the time of the child's birth must file a petition for acknowledgment of paternity -- even if they signed the birth certificate -- prior to commencing custody proceedings. If a non-custodial parent wishes to change the custody order associated with a previous paternity or divorce proceeding, he must file a petition for visitation with the court. State law requires that all custody petitions have a parenting plan attached. In this plan, you should outline your proposed visitation schedule, as well as any information about why this schedule is in the best interests of the child. Typically, to file for a change in visitation, the parent must show a change in the child's material circumstances. These changes might include one parent's move, changes in the child's psychological well-being, or changes in the custodial parent's parenting competence.

Abuse and Neglect

When a judge determines that a parent has abused his spouse or abused or neglected his child, that parent's visitation rights are immediately limited. The parent may be granted supervised visitation with the child, or his visitation rights might be completely removed. Typically, judges issue temporary orders -- lasting anywhere from a few weeks to several months -- requiring the parent to take certain steps before he can regain his visitation rights. In serious cases of abuse, the parent's visitation rights, and even his parental rights, may be permanently and completely revoked.

Divorce is never easy, but we can help. Learn More
Can You Write a Letter to the Court Requesting a Visitation Modification in Indiana?

References

Related articles

What Rights Does a Father Have to His Children If He Doesn't Pay Child Support?

A father's obligation to pay child support and his parental right to be involved in his child's life are two separate and distinct issues under the law. It has long been established that not only do parents have a fundamental right in the "care, custody and control" of their children, it is also is in the "best interests of the child" to have a relationship with both parents, unless circumstances deem otherwise. Therefore, a father's custody and visitation rights are not contingent upon whether he's paying child support. He has a right to be in his child's life simply because of who he is: the child's father.

Father's Rights in Indiana

The fathers' rights movement is a response to perceived injustices in the family court system throughout the country. Advocates for both fathers and children have brought about significant changes in child custody law over the past few decades, and many divorced fathers can look forward to increased time with their children and even primary custody. Indiana, like most states, uses a "best interests of the child" standard and considers each child custody case based on the individual circumstances of the family. As a result, there aren't explicit rules for the amount of time each father gets with his child. There are, however, numerous laws and procedures that can protect the rights of fathers.

Georgia Custody Statutes for Denial of Visitation

Georgia law recognizes the important bond between a child and his parents, even when those parents don’t live together. Georgia provides laws specific to child custody and visitation in the Official Code of Georgia, Title 19, Chapter 9. These laws direct the courts when determining who has custody and visitation of a child and who may be denied visitation.

Get Divorced Online

Related articles

Can a Parent With Sole Custody Deny Visits?

If you have sole custody, you probably have a court order that awards you both legal custody and physical custody. ...

How to Stop Visitation Rights by the Biological Father in the State of Kentucky

All states require that custody decisions be made according to a child's best interests. Kentucky is one of only a ...

Father's Procedure in Filing for Child Custody in Missouri

Child custody decisions in Missouri are made according to the child's best interests, and the procedure for both ...

How to File for Visitation Rights in Nevada

Nevada, like all other states, uses the "best interests of the child" standard in determining child custody ...

Browse by category