How to Obtain a Trademark

By Joe Stone

You obtain a trademark by using a logo, word, slogan or design that is associated with a product or service provided by your business. The key to establishing a trademark is using it actually and continually in commerce. The strength of your trademark rights depends on the uniqueness of your trademark, how long it has been in use and the size of the geographical area where the trademark is used. Although not legally required, registering your trademark with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) provides the maximum legal rights and protection for your trademark.

You obtain a trademark by using a logo, word, slogan or design that is associated with a product or service provided by your business. The key to establishing a trademark is using it actually and continually in commerce. The strength of your trademark rights depends on the uniqueness of your trademark, how long it has been in use and the size of the geographical area where the trademark is used. Although not legally required, registering your trademark with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) provides the maximum legal rights and protection for your trademark.

Step 1

Research the market in which you intend to use your trademark. Search the geographical area where the business is likely to find its customers and determine whether there is another business with the same name or logo that you intend to trademark. If no other business is using the name or logo, you can apply for trademark rights in the name and logo in that area simply by using it. If another business uses the same name or logo, you risk violating the other business's trademark rights.

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Step 2

Use your trademark in all facets of your business, such as on signs, packaging, business cards and, as is practical, on any other item associated with your business. This is the primary way you protect your trademark and enforce your rights against someone attempting to use your trademark or a similarly confusing trademark to compete with your business.

Step 3

Submit an application to the USPTO to register your trademark, if you want the ultimate legal protection. This can be done via mail or online through the USPTO website. A federal trademark application requires the name of the owner of the trademark (either you or your company), the owner's address, a drawing of the mark, identification of your goods and a specimen indicating how the mark is used. Although you must actually be using the trademark in commerce before it can be registered, the USPTO permits the filing of an application based on an "intent to use" the trademark so you can start the registration process before using the trademark.

Step 4

Submit an application to register your trademark in the state where your business is located and in any other state where you do business using the trademark. Each state has its own agency for trademark registration, such as the Secretary of State's office in California. The majority of states have enacted the Model State Trademark Bill, which is similar to the Lanham Act that governs federal trademark law. The trademark registration requirements in states using the Model State Trademark Bill are nearly the same as the USPTO requirements.

Protect your brand. Register My Trademark Now
What Are the Steps to Get a Logo Trademark in South Carolina?

References

Related articles

How to Trademark a Phrase

Obtaining a trademark for a unique phrase that you intend to use to market the goods or services you sell in a business requires you to follow all U.S. Patent and Trademark Office application procedures. However, before you even apply for your trademark, you should be aware that the phrase cannot consist of words that other businesses commonly use.

How To Trademark Something

A trademark is a mark, symbol or combination of words that distinctively identifies a product or service -- McDonald's Golden Arches, for example. Trademarks have economic value because they represent the business reputation of the products they represent or the company with which they are identified. Registration of your trademark with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office allows you to obtain nationwide protection, sue in federal courts and qualify for international protection.

Difference Between a Logo & Trademark

Trademarks include company names, logos, slogans and designs used to identify and distinguish a company's goods in its business trade. The physical mark can be a word, sign, symbol or design that identifies the trademark owner. A trademark must be a unique identifying mark, specifically associated with the goods or services that a company offers in commercial trade. One type of trademark includes the company logo. A logo can qualify as a trademark -- if it meets the minimum requirements. To qualify as a trademark, a logo must be a unique mark used to identify and distinguish the company's goods or services offered in the marketplace. Strong logos often become easily recognizable trademarks throughout society.

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