Procedure for Writing a Will

By Teo Spengler

A last will and testament is a statement of a person's intentions for her property after death. A valid will passes assets to the persons the testator -- the person writing the will -- selects, rather than to blood kin she may not even know. It also enables a testator to name a guardian for her minor children. While many people use lawyers to prepare wills, this is not the only possible procedure.

A last will and testament is a statement of a person's intentions for her property after death. A valid will passes assets to the persons the testator -- the person writing the will -- selects, rather than to blood kin she may not even know. It also enables a testator to name a guardian for her minor children. While many people use lawyers to prepare wills, this is not the only possible procedure.

Attorney-prepared Wills

Testators with complex holdings or myriad heirs may benefit from using experienced estate attorneys to prepare wills. This procedure also enables estate tax planning. The testator outlines her devises to the attorney, providing information about property and heirs, and the lawyer drafts a will that incorporates these bequests. The testator and attorney often meet several times to review draft testaments and exchange information. When the testator approves the will, she signs it before witnesses in the attorney's office.

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Will Forms

Form wills work well for a testator with a simple estate. A form will is a document containing the skeleton of will, with blanks for the testator to insert identifying information about himself, his property and his heirs. A good form will is state-specific and contains all of the procedural requirements for a testament in a particular state. Form wills approved by a state's Bar Association are especially reliable. A testator using a well-drafted form will avoids having to do research on technicalities such as the number of witnesses required in his jurisdiction.

Statutory Will Forms

Some states make form wills even more accessible by including one in their statutes. California and Maine are among the jurisdictions providing a valid form will for its residents in the probate code. Statutory will forms look like regular form wills. A testator first fills in information identifying herself, then adds a description of her devises of real and personal property. She names an executor to administer her will and a guardian for her minor children, if applicable. The statutory will specifies how many witnesses must affirm the testator's signature.

Handwritten Wills

Wills written in the testator's hand are valid in most states in emergency conditions. However, some states accept handwritten wills in all circumstances. These testaments, also termed holographic wills, are valid when written entirely by the testator, without any typed information. Holographic wills do not require witnesses: the testator dates and signs the will to execute it. A testator should research her state's probate code to ascertain whether it approves the holographic will procedure.

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Where to Get a Last Will & Testament

References

Related articles

How to Make a Will with Beneficiaries

A will is a legal document and special vocabulary applies to virtually every step of the drafting process. The document itself is often termed "last will and testament;" the person drafting the will is known as the testator. In a will, the testator makes "devises" or "bequests" her property to selected persons or entities, termed "heirs" or "beneficiaries." Since a central purpose of a will is to name heirs, the process of "making a will with beneficiaries" is neither more nor less than that of making a will.

How Many Types of Legal Wills Exist?

Various types of legal wills can enable a testator -- or will maker -- to dispose of his property after his death. Wills can also be used to appoint estate executors and legal guardians for any minor children. Though some wills are simple, other will types are more complicated and may require the assistance of an attorney.

Does a Last Will & Testament Need to Be Notarized in California?

Because a last will and testament will not go into effect until the maker dies, many jurisdictions require that a notary public verify the signature. California is not among them. The state probate code sets forth the various forms of wills valid in California, and while some mandate witnesses, none require a notarized signature.

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