If you are starting a new business in Connecticut, you may want to set your business up as a limited liability company, or LLC. An LLC is a hybrid business entity that combines the limited liability aspects of a corporation with the pass-through taxation and less thorough reporting requirements associated with a partnership. The Connecticut secretary of state regulates all Connecticut business associations. Starting an LLC in Connecticut requires filing a form, called an articles of organization, with the secretary of state.
Fit your business needs with the right LLC package
Name your Connecticut LLC. Connecticut law requires that the name of a new LLC must contain the words “Limited Liability Company,” or the abbreviation “LLC” or “L.L.C.” Connecticut law permits to shorten “Limited” to “Ltd.” and Company to “Co.” The name must be distinguishable from the name of any business association previously registered in Connecticut. The Secretary of State provides a free online database of businesses registered in Connecticut, which can be useful in coming up with a distinguishable name for your business (see Resources).
Designate a statutory agent for your company. If your company is sued or subpoenaed, your statutory agent will receive service of process. You may serve as the statutory agent for your company if you are a Connecticut resident that maintains a physical address within the state. If you are not a Connecticut resident or do not wish to have your name and home address associated with your company in a public record, you may hire a registered statutory agent, which is a business that will receive service of process on behalf of your company.
Fill out the articles of organization form. Download the articles of organization form (see Resources). Provide your full name and address as the filing party. Provide the name of your LLC, as well as a brief description of the business purpose of your LLC, although “to engage in any lawful act or activity for which a limited liability company may be formed” is a sufficient business purpose. Provide the principal office and mailing address of your business. Provide the name and address of the individual or business that will act as your statutory agent. The party acting as your statutory agent must accept their appointment by signing the articles of organization. Provide the name, business address and residential address of at least one member, called "owner," or manager, also called "non-owner employee," of your company. Indicate if members or managers will be managing your company. The individuals managing your company are the ones who will be making day-to-day business decisions. Date and sign the articles of organization.
File your articles of organization form and pay the filing fee. As of 2010, the fee is $120. You may file by mail or fax. If filing by mail, the address is Commercial Recording Division, Connecticut Secretary of State, P.O. Box 150470, Hartford, CT 06115-0470. If filing by fax, you must pay by credit card and include a completed Fax Filing Service Request form (see Resources). If filing by mail, you must pay by check made payable to the secretary of state.
- Articles of organization form
Tips & Warnings
While forming a Connecticut LLC is easy, you may want to consult with a tax attorney about the tax implications of operating a business as an LLC.
References & Resources
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