How Small Estate Affidavit Works in California

By Joe Stone

California probate law provides a simplified procedure for settling an estate with limited assets, referred to as a "small estate." In an appropriate situation, you can use a small estate affidavit to transfer an estate's assets to the proper beneficiaries without having to open a formal probate proceeding with the court. To use a small estate affidavit to settle an estate, the estate must meet certain legal requirements regarding the maximum value of the estate's assets and the type of property to be transferred.

California probate law provides a simplified procedure for settling an estate with limited assets, referred to as a "small estate." In an appropriate situation, you can use a small estate affidavit to transfer an estate's assets to the proper beneficiaries without having to open a formal probate proceeding with the court. To use a small estate affidavit to settle an estate, the estate must meet certain legal requirements regarding the maximum value of the estate's assets and the type of property to be transferred.

Basic Requirements to Use Small Estate Affidavit

As of January of 2012, an estate with assets valued at $150,000 or less, excluding certain types of assets, is considered a small estate under California law. In determining the estate’s value, both the decedent’s personal and real property is included; however, the small estate affidavit can only be used to transfer personal property to a beneficiary, not real property. The type of property transferred using a small estate affidavit typically includes bank accounts, stocks, mutual funds and other financial investments.

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Using a Small Estate Affidavit

California law requires at least 40 days to elapse from the date of the decedent's death and no pending probate proceedings for the estate before you can use a small estate affidavit to acquire an estate asset to which you are entitled. The contents of the affidavit must conform to the requirements set forth in California Probate Code Section 13101. Oftentimes, a blank small estate affidavit form can be obtained from a law library, courthouse or online legal document provider. Additionally, financial institutions may require you to use their small estate affidavit form to gain access to accounts at their institution. After completing the small estate affidavit, provide it to the holder of the property, such as a bank, along with a certified copy of the death certificate and any other requested documents in exchange for the property.

Estates with Both Real and Personal Property

In order to use a small estate affidavit for an estate that also includes real property, California law requires an inventory and appraisal of the real property to be attached to the affidavit. You obtain the required inventory and appraisal by using the services of a probate referee appointed by the California State Controller's Office. The affidavit with the attached inventory and appraisal is then used to acquire the personal property.

Affidavit Procedure Is Optional

Using a small estate affidavit is optional. Under California law, formal probate proceedings can be opened for any estate regardless of its value. Although using a small estate affidavit is typically less expensive and time consuming than formal probate, circumstances may dictate that a supervised administration of the estate by the probate court is needed. Such circumstances include an estate likely to involve a contentious dispute among beneficiaries or an estate that must deal with disputed creditor claims.

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How to Settle a Small Estate in California

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Can You File a Small Estate in Arkansas if You Have a Will?

Probate is a court-supervised procedure that involves the appointment of an executor to collect and distribute property owned by the deceased. The process can be time consuming, and it may take several months for administrators to distribute the estate to all heirs. However, Arkansas offers a quicker substitute for probate in cases where the estate has only limited property. This is known as small-estate administration and, unlike neighboring Louisiana, there is no requirement that the deceased person died intestate or without a will.

How to Write an Affidavit for an Estate

Wills, trusts, estates and the complexity of the probate process are often topics of discussion between clients and their attorneys, or even among family members. When it comes to probating an estate, however, one size may not necessarily fit all, particularly when the estate has few assets and has no or limited debt. Small estate laws vary from state to state; they are designed to simplify the probate process and involve the filing of an affidavit.

Oregon Small Estate Laws

If a person in Oregon dies and leaves behind an estate that qualifies as "small" under state law, his beneficiaries and heirs may not have to start full probate court proceedings to settle the estate. Oregon has two types of affidavits, which are sworn statements, for small estates: the testate affidavit and the intestate affidavit. The testate affidavit is used if the deceased left a will. If he didn't leave a will, the intestate affidavit is used. The affidavit filer must wait until 30 days after the deceased's death before filing the affidavit in probate court. She may file the affidavit in the probate court in the county where the deceased died or where he lived or owned real estate. The filer must submit the original will with the testate affidavit. Oregon law requires a certified copy of the death certificate for both affidavit types.

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