Steps for Dissolving a Nonprofit

By Holly Cameron

Nonprofit organizations usually aim to raise funds for a particular social, educational, charitable or religious purpose. Those in control of the organization may choose to dissolve it if it has achieved its purpose or if other circumstances dictate that dissolution is the best course of action. The precise steps for dissolving a nonprofit depend on the legal basis of the organization and the state where it is registered, but basic principles apply in almost all circumstances.

Nonprofit organizations usually aim to raise funds for a particular social, educational, charitable or religious purpose. Those in control of the organization may choose to dissolve it if it has achieved its purpose or if other circumstances dictate that dissolution is the best course of action. The precise steps for dissolving a nonprofit depend on the legal basis of the organization and the state where it is registered, but basic principles apply in almost all circumstances.

Voting

The nonprofit’s bylaws or articles of incorporation usually set out a specific procedure for dissolution. In most cases, the directors must meet and take a vote on the decision to dissolve. If the nonprofit also has members who are not directors, the directors should contact the members and invite them to vote on the issue. The members may either convene a separate meeting to discuss the matter or may confirm their agreement in writing. If the members cannot agree, the bylaws or articles usually allow dissolution by a majority vote.

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Filing

The nonprofit must file certain documentation with the state authorities in which it is incorporated to confirm the dissolution. For example, the state of Delaware requires nonprofit corporations to file a formal certificate of dissolution with the secretary of state in accordance with Section 275 of the Delaware General Corporations Act.

Tax

Most nonprofit organizations have Section 501(c)(3)tax-exempt status with the IRS. When the organization decides to dissolve, it must notify the IRS and submit a final tax return by the 15th day of the fifth month after the date of termination. If the nonprofit is also registered for state tax purposes, it must notify the relevant state authorities of the effective date of dissolution.

Transfer of Assets

Nonprofit organizations often hold assets in trust for their specific aims and purposes. In most cases, if any assets remain after the decision to dissolve, the directors and members will agree to distribute them in accordance with the nonprofit’s stated purposes. If this is not possible – for example, if the nonprofit’s purposes have been fulfilled – the organization must decide how to distribute any remaining assets. In some states, the directors must seek permission from state authorities before doing this. For example, in California, the nonprofit corporation should contact the attorney general’s office for permission before distributing assets on dissolution.

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Dissolving a Nonprofit Organization in Delaware

References

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How to Dissolve a Non-Profit in Connecticut

Dissolving a nonprofit refers to the termination of the nonprofit corporation as a legal entity. In Connecticut, this is done by filing a Certificate of Dissolution with the Connecticut Secretary of State. There are, however, several steps that must be taken before this certificate can be filed and approved.

Dissolving Non-Exempt and Nonprofit in Massachusetts

Dissolving a Massachusetts nonprofit corporation requires filing a petition with the court. If the nonprofit operated as a tax-exempt charity, the organization must notify the Attorney General's office before filing the petition. A non-exempt, nonprofit corporation is not subject to this requirement. As long as a majority of the nonprofit's members vote to dissolve the corporation, the petition for dissolution can be filed with the court.

California Law Regarding Nonprofit Board of Directors

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