When Are Taxes Due for an LLC?

By Jeff Franco J.D./M.A./M.B.A.

The Internal Revenue Service requires all business taxpayers to pay income tax in full by the tax return’s filing deadline. Unlike other types of business entity, LLCs do not have a separate filing deadline. The appropriate filing deadline depends on the type of entity you designate the business as for tax purposes.

The Internal Revenue Service requires all business taxpayers to pay income tax in full by the tax return’s filing deadline. Unlike other types of business entity, LLCs do not have a separate filing deadline. The appropriate filing deadline depends on the type of entity you designate the business as for tax purposes.

Corporation

If you elect to treat the LLC as a corporation for tax purposes, you must file an annual IRS Form 1120 by the due date. The due date of the LLCs corporate tax return is the 15th day of the third month following the end of the tax year. You must choose to use either a fiscal or calendar tax year when you file the business’s first income tax return. A calendar year requires you to report all income and expenses for the period of Jan. 1 through Dec. 31. A fiscal year is any consecutive 12-month period that ends on a date other than Dec. 31. For example, if the LLC begins operations on July 15 and you elect a calendar year for tax reporting, you can prepare a short-year return for the period of July 15 through Dec. 31 and file it by March 15 of the following year. In all successive tax years, the return is due on March 15 but will cover the tax period of Jan. 1 through Dec. 31.

Ready to start your LLC? Start an LLC Online Now

Partnership

Limited liability companies that are subject to the partnership taxation rules must conform the tax year to the accounting period that the members who own a majority interest in the LLC use. If a majority of the members do not use identical accounting periods, the LLC must use the period that principal partners use. A principal partner is a LLC member having a 5 percent or more interest in the profits or capital of the LLC. If neither rule applies, the LLC must use an accounting period that results in the least aggregate deferral of income to the members. The LLC must file IRS Form 1065 by the 15th day of the fourth month after the tax year ends. For example, if one of the rules requires the LLC to use a tax year of June 1 through May 31, you must file the 1065 and pay all taxes in full by Sept. 15 of each year.

Disregarded Entity

If you are the sole member of the LLC, the business entity is disregarded for tax purposes. Disregarding the LLC requires you to include all income and expenses of the business on a personal tax return. Therefore, the due date of the return is the same day the Form 1040 is due. All individuals must file the tax return and pay all taxes that relate to the LLC by April 15 each year.

Changing Tax Years

You can change the tax year of an LLC that you treat as a corporation or partnership for tax purposes by making an application with the IRS on Form 1128. However, individual taxpayers are ineligible to request the change.

Ready to start your LLC? Start an LLC Online Now
Do I Need to File a Tax Return for LLC With No Activity?

References

Related articles

What Forms Do I Need to File for an S Corp?

An incorporated business is automatically designated by the Internal Revenue Service as a C corporation for income tax purposes. However, certain smaller corporations can elect to be taxed as S corporations without forfeiting the liability protections that the corporate structure affords to shareholders. Making the initial election requires filing an IRS form. Once S corporation status is granted, the tax forms the corporation must file annually will change.

IRS LLC Filing Requirements

The U.S. Internal Revenue Code does not recognize the limited liability company, or LLC, as a distinct taxable entity. An LLC can be taxed as a sole proprietorship, a partnership, a C corporation or an S corporation, depending on a number of factors. LLCs have significant flexibility to choose their own tax treatments.

Taxation of an LLC

The Internal Revenue Code (IRC) does not impose a separate body of tax law that is applicable to limited liability companies as it does with other business structures such as corporations and partnerships. Federal regulations provide LLC members some flexibility in choosing the type of income taxation to which business profits are subject.

LLCs, Corporations, Patents, Attorney Help

Related articles

Can You File an LLC With Personal Taxes?

The Internal Revenue Service has yet to create a tax return for LLCs. The income and loss that a LLC generates is ...

What Tax Forms Are Needed for an LLC?

Federal tax law does not provide specific rules that govern every limited liability company. Instead, the Internal ...

Can an LLC File as a C Corp?

Once you form a limited liability company, or LLC, you can’t treat your business as a C corp unless you create a ...

How an LLC Claims Profit and Losses

A limited liability company, or LLC, is a business entity type that has a history in the United States that spans ...

Browse by category