Viewing Last Wills & Testaments

By Teo Spengler

A last will and testament is the written description of how the maker of the will -- called the testator -- intends to distribute her property at her death. Heirs receive a copy of the will at the testator's death, but family members and the curious public view it in the courthouse.

A last will and testament is the written description of how the maker of the will -- called the testator -- intends to distribute her property at her death. Heirs receive a copy of the will at the testator's death, but family members and the curious public view it in the courthouse.

When to View

The last will of a living testator is a private document. Neither heirs nor spouses have a right to view the will during the testator's lifetime, although she shows it to whomever she chooses. Even the will witnesses view only the signature page of the testament. After the testator's demise, the person appointed to administer the will, termed the executor, files a petition for probate, attaching a copy of the death certificate and the last will and testament. From that point on, the will is available for public viewing.

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Where to View

The executor files a petition for probate in the superior court of the county in which the testator maintained his primary residence at the time of death. Primary residence is a legal term, determined largely by a person's intent to return. Some people manipulate their primary residence for tax purposes, so it does not necessarily correspond with the place in which the testator spent most of his time. Obituaries and the death certificate often list the county of primary residence of the deceased.

How to View in Probate

During probate, you view a last will and testament at the courthouse. Some courts provide Internet sites or dedicated telephone lines with updated probate information; use these to confirm the location of probate and to obtain the case number. Any member of the public accesses the probate file by providing the court clerk the probate case number or the full name and date of death of the deceased. The will is among the first documents in the file.

How to View After Probate

Courts retain wills after probate and they remain public information. View a recently probated will in the same manner as one currently in probate, by providing information about the deceased to the court clerk. Courts generally store older wills in archives. Ask the court clerk for the procedure for accessing archived wills. Some courts bundle many old wills together in large folders, arranged alphabetically or chronologically; you sift through original documents for the relevant will. Other jurisdictions store older wills on microfilm.

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Is a Will a Public Document?

References

Related articles

How to Find a Will for Someone Who Has Died

A last will and testament is the final comment of the deceased on her life. You review a will to note that comment, to ascertain if you are among the heirs or out of simple curiosity. During the testator's lifetime, you cannot read the will without her permission; it is legally a private and personal document. After the testator dies, however, the will executor files the testament in probate court and any member of the public reviews it at the court clerk's office.

How to Find Out If a Deceased Person Had a Will

During a person's lifetime, the only way to discover if he has a will is to ask. The existence of a will becomes public information, however, when the testator dies. The executor files the last will and testament with the court where a probate judge determines the validity of the will and supervises will administration. Probate documents are open to the public for viewing. Once you determine which court probates a deceased person's estate, a look in the court probate file confirms or disproves the existence of a will.

How Can I Get a Copy of a Last Will & Testament?

Don't expect to see your grandfather's will while he is alive, unless he decides to show it to you. While the testator -- the person making a will -- is alive, his last testament is private and completely revocable. Your grandfather can change it on whim by writing a codicil or drafting a superseding will. However, when the testator dies, his will becomes effective -- and public. The court opens probate on the will and any member of the public can view and copy the document in the clerk's office.

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