341 Hearing & Bankruptcy

By Chris Blank

If you have filed a bankruptcy petition, you may be anxious about the procedure. The 341 hearing, an important step in the process, requires a meeting of the creditors. Although the event may sound intimidating, the 341 hearing is not an interrogation. In fact, in many cases, the hearing takes just a few minutes from start to finish.

Definition

You and the trustee assigned to oversee your petition attend the 341 hearing. If you have an attorney, she, but not the judge, attends the hearing. The creditors listed on your bankruptcy petition are also invited to attend. During the hearing, the trustee requires you to confirm details on your bankruptcy petition under oath. Your creditors may ask you specific questions about your financial obligations to them. You must attend the 341 hearing whether you file a Chapter 7 or a Chapter 13 bankruptcy petition.

Required Documentation

Each petitioner must bring government-issued photo identification to the meeting. Some trustees also request copies of your most recent pay stubs, or projected income and expense statements if you are self-employed. A trustee also may issue a separate questionnaire that includes questions about your income, assets and household composition to be completed before the 341 hearing. Other required documentation includes bank statements and copies of tax returns for the past two years. Depending on the trustee's instructions, you must either send your documentation before the meeting or take it with you.

Get a free, confidential bankruptcy evaluation. Learn More

Typical Questions

If you have been honest about the information included in your bankruptcy petition, you should have no problem answering the questions that come up at your 341 hearing. Typically, after you have been sworn in, the trustee asks if you have read the petition and inquires whether it represents a true and accurate statement of your financial circumstances. The trustee also asks if there have been significant changes to your financial situation since you filed the petition and asks about your real estate holdings, if any.

Considerations

Generally speaking, creditors rarely attend 341 hearings, because there is very little that they can do to prevent a bankruptcy from moving forward. You, however, must attend the meeting. If you file a joint petition with your spouse, with rare exceptions, both spouses must appear at the hearing. If you fail to show up without a valid reason, such as a genuine emergency, the trustee may dismiss your bankruptcy petition.

Get a free, confidential bankruptcy evaluation. Learn More
What Happens After a Trustee Bankruptcy Meeting?
 

References

Related articles

Facts About Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

Filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy is a big decision that will affect your credit score and ability to qualify for personal loans and credit cards in the future. Therefore, getting the facts is essential. For example, you must first determine whether you are eligible to file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. If you do file, you will have to appear at a meeting of creditors before you will receive a bankruptcy discharge.

How Long Before Debt is Discharged After Bankruptcy?

A bankruptcy discharge is available to you at the completion of your bankruptcy case. Your debt is erased when you receive the bankruptcy discharge, and the debt is no longer enforceable. However, when you receive a bankruptcy discharge will depend on whether you file for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy, the two most common forms of personal bankruptcy.

How to File an Objection in a Bankruptcy Case

Bankruptcy is a legal process intended to give debtors a fresh financial start. When an individual files bankruptcy, creditors have opportunity to present proof of claim of money owed to them. The bankruptcy trustee and the debtor and creditors either settle the claims with the assets available, or present them for litigation before the bankruptcy court. Once the claims are resolved, the court discharges all remaining debts and the debtor can start anew.

Bankruptcy

Related articles

Do Creditors Show Up at a Trustee Hearing?

Bankruptcy law attempts to balance a debtor’s need for a way to dig out from overwhelming debt against a creditor’s ...

Types of Bankruptcy Fraud

Bankruptcy fraud is engaging in any act that misleads the bankruptcy court. There are several types of bankruptcy fraud ...

What Documents Are Required by a Trustee After a 341 Hearing During Chapter 13?

Chapter 13 bankruptcy is popular among debtors who want to keep property such as the family home. Debtors filing under ...

Bankruptcy Due Diligence Requirements

When you file for bankruptcy, the bankruptcy court needs information about your current financial situation, including ...

Browse by category
Ready to Begin? GET STARTED