Amending a Testamentary Trust

By Erika Johansen

To set up a testamentary trust, you include language in your last will and testament stating your intention to establish the trust. Because your will doesn't take effect until you're deceased, the testamentary trust can be amended before your death, usually by amending the will.

Testamentary Trusts

Testamentary trusts do not take effect until the will itself takes effect. Typically, your will describes the intention to create a trust and the rules by which the trust will operate; however, until you die and the will passes through probate, neither the will nor the trust is legally operative. You have the option to amend either document before your death, but once you die and the will and its accompanying trust become operative, both documents will be irrevocable, meaning that you can no longer change them.

Amending by Revocation

For a major change to a testamentary trust, you will typically need to revoke, or cancel, the original will and execute a new one with language changing the trust. Laws about revoking or amending a will may vary from state to state. However, all states allow you to revoke your will by creating a written and signed document that declares your intent to revoke the will, or by physically destroying the will itself with the intent to revoke it. Regardless of the method, once your will is revoked, the testamentary trust it contained will also be revoked. You are then free to execute a new will that contains your changed intentions regarding the trust.

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Executing a Will

Executing a formal will is a more complex process than simply writing your intentions and signing at the bottom. The formalities required depend on state law, which varies widely. However, you will generally need to not only write and sign your will, but have two or more people with no interest in the will witness you signing it. States also require that you be able to understand, at the time of signing, that you're signing a document that disposes of your property after death. Note that some states allow informal handwritten, or holographic, wills which may bypass some of these formalities.

Codicils

Another way to change a testamentary trust is to execute a codicil, a sort of addendum to the will which makes minor changes without revoking the entire will. Depending on state law, however, a codicil will generally require the same formalities as execution of a new will. Codicils are typically used only for minor changes to a will, so if you want to amend the language dealing with the testamentary trust in a major way, such as changing the beneficiary, your estate attorney will probably recommend executing an entirely new will.

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Do Trusts Need to Be Notarized?
 

References

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Illinois Laws on Wills

A valid will can nominate someone to manage your estate and detail how your property should be distributed when you die. In Illinois, wills must comply with the Illinois Compiled Statutes, which address requirements such as the age and mental condition of the person making the will. If your will doesn't meet these requirements, it may be declared invalid, and your estate will be distributed according to state law.

How to Revoke a Living Trust

If your trust is revocable, you have the right to amend it at will. However, sometimes the changes might be so all-encompassing that it’s easier to “erase” your trust and start over. In this case, you also have the right to revoke it. The process isn't complicated, but you have to do something with the assets you placed into it.

How to Make Changes to a Living Trust

The ease with which you can make changes to your living trust depends on what kind of trust you created. If you made an irrevocable trust, you'll have an uphill battle. You generally cannot amend an irrevocable trust except under rare circumstances and with the express permission of the court. If your trust is revocable, however, you can make changes any time you like.

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