Can I Use a Bank Account After Dissolving an LLC?

By Elizabeth Rayne

Using your limited liability company's bank account after dissolution is essential to wind up the affairs of the LLC, but you cannot use it to enter into new business. An LLC is an independent business entity formed under state law, which also controls how an LLC comes into existence and how it goes out of business. By following the correct steps for dissolution, you will ensure that you have satisfied all the debts and obligations of the company.

Dissolution

Because LLCs are controlled under state law, your state's statute on LLCs will provide how the company can be dissolved. Dissolution involves multiple steps, including making the initial decision among the LLC members to close down the business and filing dissolution documents with the states. Additionally, the company will sell its assets, pay off creditors and pay final taxes as part of the dissolution process.

Articles of Dissolution

In most states, an LLC must file articles of dissolution, also known as articles of termination, with the state. Filing the articles will establish the company's official end date, but the company can give itself further time to wind up its affairs after the articles are filed. Companies may file the articles after the affairs are wound up, or they may file the articles first and provide a future date on the articles for the final termination of the LLC.

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Winding Up Affairs

After an LLC has been dissolved, the members have a reasonable period of time to wind up the company's affairs. This includes addressing all of the company's liabilities, paying debts and taxes and defending or proceeding with lawsuits on the company's behalf. The members of the LLC need to keep the bank account. Additionally, the LLC is required to put money aside to pay any pending creditor claims that may not be resolved in its favor after the articles of dissolution are filed. If an LLC does not do so, a creditor may pursue assets that were already distributed to the members of the company during the dissolution process.

New Business

Although the LLC is allowed to use its bank account while winding up its affairs, it may not enter into new business transactions. After dissolution, the members do not have the authority to transact new business on behalf of the LLC, or otherwise use the bank account to act as if the LLC is still in operation. As such, the use of the company's bank account after dissolution is limited to winding up the affairs of the LLC.

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Maryland's LLC Dissolution Law
 

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Legal Ramifications of Dissolving an LLC

A Limited Liability Company (LLC) is an organization that combines features of a partnership and a corporation. Like a partnership, the owners of the LLC pay tax on the business’s income. Also like a partnership, an LLC has few formal management restrictions. Like a corporation, an LLC protects its owners from being personally liable for the business’s liabilities. LLCs are governed by state law, so if an LLC dissolves the process is defined by the state where it was organized. While there are general trends that are consistent, regardless of where the LLC is located, the specific steps for dissolving an LLC will vary by state. Before dissolving an LLC, check the laws of the state where it is located.

How to Divide an LLC

Even if you’ve only been in business a short time, dividing your limited liability company can be complicated, since there is no one-size-fits-all solution. An LLC is a hybrid type of business entity that mixes features of a corporation and a partnership, which makes it flexible. LLCs are formed under the authority of state law, and each state’s LLC law has its own provisions to govern breaking up an LLC. States even have different terms to describe this event – winding up, termination, cancellation or dissolution.

How to Omit a Member of an LLC

Since business relationships don’t always work out as planned, it may become necessary to terminate certain relationships. In a limited liability company, or LLC, the owners, known as members, may change periodically. When one of those members wants to leave the LLC, doesn’t live up to his responsibilities or passes away, the other members may remove him from membership by following the LLC’s operating agreement.

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