How to Contest a Will in Probate

By Teo Spengler

While TV sitcoms portray feuding children of dead millionaires duking it out in probate court, reality is often more procedural and less dramatic. In many states, only interested parties may challenge a will in probate court, meaning close relatives or heirs who might have been named under alternate wills. Disappointment and anger motivate many a will contestant, but actual will objections are procedurally limited to statutory grounds that might include fraud, forgery or undue influence. Consult with an attorney to review your options. advice.

Step 1

Review the section of your state's probate code that enumerates grounds for bringing an objection to the will and, after reading the will carefully, determine whether you have a case. Proof of forgery (someone else signed the will instead of the testator) and fraud (someone deliberately mislead the testator into making will provisions) invalidate a will in every state. Undue influence is a common ground for a will contest; the influence must rise, some courts have said, to the level of substituting someone else's will for the testator's. Procedural issues are straightforward; their substance depends on the requirements for executing a will in your state. If your state requires two witnesses to affirm the will, failure to have two witnesses is a procedural ground for a will challenge.

Step 2

Learn basic probate procedures about will contests. Visit probate court and ask the clerk for copies of relevant probate statutes and local rules. Use any self-help materials the court provides. Visit the law library and ask the librarian to show you probate form-books for your state. Find out the following: the deadline for bringing an objection to the will, the form the objection must take in your jurisdiction and the appropriate substance for an objection.

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Step 3

Draft an objection to the will in the form and manner required by the probate court. Include standing (your relationship to the testator or the will) as well as grounds for contesting the will. File this document with the probate court before the deadline. The court provides copies of your objection to relevant parties and sets a date for a trial on your challenge. Mark the trial date on your calendar.

Step 4

Prepare for trial. Gather documents supporting your claims and locate and interview witnesses. Amass as much evidence as possible on every issue you raise. Your specific claims dictate the type of evidence required to carry the point. Organize your claims and practice presenting them.

Step 5

Appear in probate court the day of trial. Make sure your witnesses appear as well. Present your arguments to the court and offer evidence to support each point. Convince the court that your objection is valid.

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How to Contest a Will in British Columbia
 

References

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How to File a Last Will & Testament

Probate is the court-supervised administration of a will. When someone dies, his will serves as a map to steer his estate into the hands of his heirs, but this does not happen automatically. The will names an executor to take charge of estate distribution, and the court requires inventories and reports to ensure accuracy and honesty. The executor's responsibilities include filing the will with the probate court, usually in the jurisdiction in which the testator resided during his lifetime.

The Time Limit for Contesting a Will

Wills are powerful legal documents in which the estate of a deceased person is divided between his beneficiaries. Because the deceased is no longer around to distribute the assets himself, his wishes are carried out by an executor. In order to ensure as smooth a process as possible, the states provide a time limit for contesting the will, and generally does not consider challenges outside of this period.

How to Add an Addendum to a Will

Adding an addendum to a will requires a document called a codicil. If drafted appropriately, the codicil will be considered a part of the will and read alongside the original document when the estate is probated. Probate codes, which define the drafting requirements for wills and codicils, are written by each state. However, the Uniform Probate Code has significantly influenced all of the state probate codes. Therefore, the UPC is a good basis for a general discussion on how to amend a will. You should check the provisions specific to your state to ensure that your codicil is properly drafted.

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