Definition of Unassigned Arrears in Child Support

By Anna Assad

Arrears in child support is a term that refers to past due child support owed to a custodial parent. Sometimes, the government assigns the arrears owed to a custodial parent to the state, for repayment of any public assistance the custodial parent received. Whether a custodial parent's arrears are assigned or unassigned depends on whether she received public assistance.

Assigned Arrears

Typically, a custodial parent who receives public assistance or gets help from Temporary Assistance for Needy Families must use the state's child support collection unit to get child support from the other parent. Federal law allows the state to seek reimbursement from funds the custodial parent receives from child support payments. As a result, payments, interest and any back support are assigned to the state; the state collects these funds until the assistance the parent has received is paid back in full. If more money is collected than owed, the parent receives the difference.

Unassigned Arrears

Any back child support that accumulates is unassigned if the custodial parent has never received any form of state or federal public assistance for herself or her child. The arrears go directly to the custodial parent in this case, even if the custodial parent is using the state collection unit to collect the money. A custodial parent who received public assistance in the past but doesn't anymore is entitled to all arrears that accrue while she's not receiving public assistance.

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Other Arrears

If the custodial parent had arrears owed to her before she went on public assistance, those past due amounts are temporarily assigned to the state and used to reimburse the state while she is currently receiving benefits. Once the custodial parent stops receiving public assistance, temporarily assigned arrears become conditionally assigned arrears instead. The state only collects money from conditionally assigned arrears if the payment comes from an interception of the noncustodial parent's income tax refund.


If a custodial parent feels she did not receive the support money she was entitled to, she can request a review of her case through the state child support collection unit. The custodial parent has the right to receive statements from her account that show how much support was collected and how much was taken by the state to cover public assistance costs. The local social services department also has information showing how much money the custodial parent and her family received in public assistance.

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Alabama Child Support Arrears Laws


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Help With Receiving Unpaid Child Support in Texas

During divorces, Texas courts issue child-support orders to direct the noncustodial parent to pay a certain amount of support for his children. If the noncustodial parent does not pay the support as ordered, it can be difficult for the custodial parent to return to court for help enforcing the order. However, the Texas Attorney General has resources to help custodial parents collect the child support they are owed.

Federal Guidelines on the Collection of Child Support Arrears

In 1975 Congress passed the Child Support Enforcement and Paternity Establishment Program, or CSE, in response to increasing enrollment in federal welfare programs of children of separated parents. The Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services was established by the CSE to provide assistance to state and local law enforcement and social services agencies in creating and operating their child support enforcement programs. If administrative and local enforcement efforts are insufficient in aiding the collection of child support, the Deadbeat Parents Punishment Act of 1998, or DPPA, provides for federal criminal prosecution of the most severely delinquent child support violators.

Kentucky State Laws on Child Support Collection

When parents separate or divorce, the parent who does not have primary custody of the children will be required to pay child support to the other. Child support reduces the financial burden on the parent who has custody of the child most of the time. In Kentucky, child support laws are set forth in Section 402 of the Kentucky Revised Statutes (KRS).

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