Dissolving Limited Partnerships

By Jeff Franco J.D./M.A./M.B.A.

The laws of each state govern the creation and dissolution requirements of limited partnerships that operate within its jurisdiction. However, 18 states and the District of Columbia follow the Uniform Limited Partnership Act of 2001, thereby creating some uniformity in partnership dissolution rules. If the limited partnership you’re dissolving operates in a different state, the rules are fairly similar but differences may exist. Be sure to research the laws of your own state.

The laws of each state govern the creation and dissolution requirements of limited partnerships that operate within its jurisdiction. However, 18 states and the District of Columbia follow the Uniform Limited Partnership Act of 2001, thereby creating some uniformity in partnership dissolution rules. If the limited partnership you’re dissolving operates in a different state, the rules are fairly similar but differences may exist. Be sure to research the laws of your own state.

Limited Partnerships

The limited partnership is a modern variation of the traditional general partnership structure for operating a business. Under traditional general partnership rules—which are still used today—each partner is jointly liable for the acts of other general partners provided it’s in the ordinary course of partnership business, as well as all debts and obligations of the partnership. A limited partnership, on the other hand, has both limited and general partners, but the limited partners aren’t liable for the acts of other partners or for partnership debts—their risk is limited to the investment or contribution they make to the partnership. General partners always have the right to participate in managing the business, whereas limited partners don’t.

Ready to start your LLC? Start an LLC Online Now

Events Requiring Dissolution

Most states don’t limit the life of a limited partnership; typically, it continues to exist unless an event occurs requiring the partnership to dissolve. If the partnership agreement—which is the document that governs all aspects of the limited partnership—requires the partnership to dissolve if a specific event occurs, the partners must wind up the business and cease operations if the event does in fact occur. In the absence of a dissolution clause in the partnership agreement, a limited partnership may need to dissolve if all general partners and all limited partners who own a majority of the rights to receive distributions from the partnership agree to dissolve. Dissolving the limited partnership may also be necessary when no limited partners exist for 90 days or more and in some cases when a general partner disassociates from the partnership.

State Dissolves Partnership

State governments can also force dissolution of a limited partnership when the business fails to comply with certain governmental requirements. For states that have adopted the ULPA, this can occur when the partnership is more than 60 days late paying taxes, fees or penalties it owes to the state, or if it fails to submit its annual report. However, the partnership can apply for reinstatement within two years of the act causing government dissolution.

Winding Up Partnership

Dissolving a limited partnership always requires the general partners to wind up all business affairs. For the most part, this involves settling existing debts and liabilities of the partnership, selling business assets and distributing remaining funds in accordance with the partnership agreement or pursuant to state law. The ULPA also allows the limited partnership to file a certificate of termination with the appropriate state agency to provide formal notice that the partnership no longer exists. However, states that don’t follow the ULPA—such as Delaware—allow for the filing of similar certificates that provide the same type of notice, which can ultimately protect general partners from liabilities that arise after dissolution.

Ready to start your LLC? Start an LLC Online Now
How to Convert a General to a Limited Partnership

References

Related articles

Documents Required to Dissolve A California Limited Partnership

The legal form of limited partnership offers businesses a blend of limited liability and organizational flexibility. A limited partnership has two categories of partners: general partners run the business and accept personal liability for the debts of the partnership, and limited partners provide capital and do not generally participate in the management of the business. Limited partner liability is limited to the amount of capital a limited partner invests in the business.

Comparison: LP and LLP

When forming a new business, it is important to select an appropriate business structure. You may consider a number of factors, such as the length of the business venture, the nature of the business and the level of involvement by the investors. Partnerships are a common option because they are relatively simple to set up and allow for a variety of management structures. A partnership may be formed as a general partnership, limited partnership or limited liability partnership.

The Advantages of a Dissolution of Partnership Agreement

A general partnership is an entity allowing two or more persons to jointly conduct business for profit. The laws of each state authorize partnerships and, together with the written agreement between the parties, govern their terms. Partnership laws vary, but most states derive their partnership laws from the Uniform Partnership Act. A dissolution agreement can afford partners many important advantages if done properly and under the right set of circumstances.

LLCs, Corporations, Patents, Attorney Help

Related articles

How to Dissolve a Limited Partnership in New York State

A limited partnership must have at least one limited partner and one general partner. Limited partners do not usually ...

Michigan Business Partnership Laws

Michigan has adopted the Uniform Partnership Act and Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act, located in Chapter 449 of ...

Texas Limited Partnership Agreement

A limited partnership is one type of business entity that can be set up in Texas. Although the partnership does not ...

Ending a Partnership in Illinois

A partnership is a legally recognized business entity having at least two separate partners. Most partners sign a ...

Browse by category
Ready to Begin? GET STARTED