You are generally permitted to keep any assets you acquired before the marriage took place. These assets are classified as “separate” property. In certain situations, your spouse may have her own claim to separate property. For example, if the asset increased in value during the marriage or you added to the asset's value using funds you acquired during the marriage, your spouse may claim a portion of the difference between the asset's original value and its current value.
If you earned significantly less than your spouse over the course of your marriage, you may be entitled to receive spousal support after your divorce. Spousal support payments help you maintain a reasonable standard of living while you restructure your financial situation. Your current income, your debt load and whether or not you are supporting children all affect whether or not you qualify for spousal support and, if so, how much.
If you have children with your former spouse and you receive custody of the children in the divorce settlement, you are also entitled to child support payments. Each state's child support guidelines vary, but child support amounts are generally based on the number of children you have and your former spouse's income.
A prenuptial agreement is a contract governing the assets each spouse is entitled to should the marriage fail. If you and your spouse signed a prenuptial agreement prior to getting married, the money and assets you are entitled to when you divorce may differ from the amount you would get if the court were responsible for distributing the marital estate. Prenuptial agreements are not set in stone. In certain circumstances, you can question the legal validity of a prenuptial agreement and request that the court declare the contract invalid. Successfully overturning a prenuptial agreement can increase the amount you receive upon your divorce. You must have grounds for contesting the agreement's validity, such as you lacked proper representation or misunderstood the terms of the contract.