What to Do First in Pennsylvania – Divorce or Child Support?

By Wayne Thomas

In Pennsylvania, a final divorce judgment not only dissolves a legal marriage, but also resolves important issues related to the marriage, including property and spousal support. If the couple has minor children, the court is also tasked with making orders regarding child support and custody. Because the divorce process can take considerable time, either party may request temporary orders, which will last until the divorce is finalized.

Timing

In order to request an order for child support in Pennsylvania, you must have initiated a divorce proceeding. This is accomplished by filing a Complaint for Divorce with the prothonotary office. In the document, you are required to provide the names and ages of your children. Once the paperwork is complete, your spouse has been notified and has filed a written response, the divorce process has officially started and you may seek an order for temporary child support.

Hearing

Once the court has reviewed your documents, a brief hearing is typically scheduled with a hearing officer. At the hearing, the officer will hear testimony from you and your spouse regarding your current incomes, and you may request that he issue a temporary order with a support obligation. The officer will look to the child support guidelines, which attempt to recreate a level of support as if the parties were still married. This calculation looks first at the combined incomes of both parents. That number then corresponds to a total support amount on a worksheet, based on the number of children. The spouse ordered to pay support is then responsible for a dollar amount based on her proportion of income to the total household income.

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Role of Custody

The manner in which temporary custody is arranged will have a bearing on the temporary support order, particularly in determining which spouse is ordered to pay. In Pennsylvania, the number of overnights the child has with each parent during the divorce, known as temporary physical custody, is addressed in a conciliation conference. After listening to both parents, the conciliator will make recommendations to the court, which are relied upon in establishing temporary custody orders.

Permanent Orders

Because temporary support orders are made quickly and with limited information from the parents, they may differ from the eventual permanent order. While a divorce is pending, the parties exchange more financial information and both parents have an opportunity to fully present their positions on both custody and support to the court. Further, in Pennsylvania, judges are allowed to make adjustments to the guideline support obligation in certain circumstances. This is known as a deviation, which can be based on extreme medical bills, unusual needs, or any other factor the court finds relevant after hearing the evidence offered by both parents.

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North Carolina Laws on Primary Custody and Average Child Support

References

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When a couple obtains a final divorce decree in Oklahoma, the order includes certain provisions that govern issues like child support, alimony, custody, visitation and property distribution. With the exception of property distribution, these provisions may be modified due to a change in circumstances, such as financial hardship. Parties requesting modification of a divorce decree must file their motion with the court that established the original order, detailing the nature of the request and reasons justifying modification.

Reasons to Deviate From California Guidelines for Child Support

Divorce does not relieve either parent of the obligation to financially support their children. In California, state guidelines are used to calculate a support amount according to the incomes of both parents. However, in some cases, the amount that a parent is ordered to pay is found to be inappropriately high or low. Courts have the discretion to deviate from the support formula in limited circumstances when this happens.

Documents for Divorce & Alimony

Divorces necessarily involve the exchange of information. The bulk of this exchange is generally handled outside the courtroom through written requests contained in standard court documents. Although state procedures can vary, courts have specific forms that the parties need to complete and submit to start a divorce, continue the divorce process and determine divorce-related matters, such as alimony. If you need assistance with the forms, an online legal document service can fill them out and submit them for you.

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