Debts and Assets
Take your time to assemble a complete list of your debts and assets as you start the process of writing a will. Include noncash assets on your list, like antiques, artwork and real estate. Remember items with sentimental, rather than financial, value too, such as a costume-jewelry pin your great-grandmother wore on her wedding day. Musical instruments, baseball cards, firearms and stamps may well be worth a large sum of money, so have them appraised by a reputable professional. A comprehensive assessment of your debts and assets will guide you in determining which of your assets to bequeath directly to individuals and which to consider selling to pay off any debts that might survive your death, or to create cash to distribute among your heirs. Note where any physical assets are located, notes estate planner and author John Ventura in an interview on National Public Radio's Marketplace, so that your executor and heirs can find them.
Children and Other Dependents
If you have minor children or other dependents, use a will to name a legal guardian for them, advises FindLaw. Ensure that your chosen guardians are aware of your designation and agree to undertake this responsibility, as otherwise they may decline and the probate court may appoint someone not of your choosing. You may also include in your will provisions for the care and financial support of any pets or livestock that you have.
Complex Family Situations
Writing a will when you have one spouse that you are still married to, and children only by that spouse, is fairly routine, advises financial writer J.D.Roth at Get Rich Slowly. However, if you have children from prior marriages, or are young enough that your spouse might marry and have more children after your death, it becomes critical to be very specific in stating to whom you are leaving what assets. Antenuptial agreements or divorce decrees may contain controlling terms and language that must be included in writing your will. If you choose to exempt one or more children or grandchildren from your will for financial or personal reasons, you should also consider including an explanation of that in your will so that a probate court does not assume that you simply forgot to add that person's name.
The executor is the business manager of an estate, collecting the assets, selling property, filing tax documents and making the distributions, explains FindLaw. You should select an executor carefully, advises John Ventura at National Public Radio Marketplace. Consider selecting a mature family member who will have the respect of the heirs, or a family friend, banker or financial planner whom you trust.