How Does an Injunction in a Divorce Work?

By Rob Jennings J.D.

The breakup of a marriage can involve a bundle of issues over and above the end of the marital relationship itself. Money, property and children all require some degree of attention from the judicial system in a contested case. In some situations, an injunction -- a court order that somehow restrains your activity -- can be a useful device.

Purpose

In many family law situations, there exists the potential that one or both of you may do something that causes irreparable injury to the interests of the other party or your children. Abruptly removing the children from school and moving out of state, for example, could cause trauma. Sacking bank accounts and unilaterally liquidating retirement accounts could result in there being nothing for the court to divide -- and nothing to compensate the other spouse for her lost interests. Injunctions can prevent these things from happening. They can be issued at the beginning of a case or later when circumstances arise that make their use necessary.

Automatic Statutory Injunctions

In some states, injunctions take effect automatically when the respondent or defendant spouse is served with the divorce papers. These injunctions usually address economic issues, such as dissipating marital property or canceling or altering insurance policies, but they can also prohibit spouses from removing the children from the state. They may be temporary, remaining in effect until the family court dissolves them or enters orders allowing limited alterations -- such as withdrawals from financial accounts to pay bills or attorneys, or allowing a party to take minor children out of the state for vacation or another permissible purpose.

Divorce is never easy, but we can help. Learn More

Domestic Violence Protective Orders

Some states have statutory injunctions that apply to issues of domestic violence, restraining spouses from contacting or harassing one another. These are rarely automatic and generally require the party seeking protection to file a petition with the court. In domestic violence cases, judges are sometimes empowered to enter emergency orders on an "ex parte" basis -- meaning they can enter an order right away, without giving notice to the other spouse. However, these types of orders typically have a relatively quick hearing date to give the other spouse an opportunity to defend himself.

Penalties for Violation

Family law varies from state to state and penalties for violating an injunction vary as well. Since an injunction is a court order not to do something, doing it constitutes disobedience and, if unjustified, can seriously anger the judge who will be deciding your case. Depending upon the law of your jurisdiction, violating an injunction could expose you to fines, imprisonment, responsibility for your spouse's attorney fees and even incarceration for contempt of court. You may also suffer the dismissal of your own claims.

Divorce is never easy, but we can help. Learn More
Pennsylvania Divorce Law & Injunctions
 

References

Related articles

Are Restraining Orders Standard for a Divorce?

A restraining order prevents a person from taking a certain action, and two types of restraining orders are common in the context of divorce: automatic restraining orders and domestic violence restraining orders. Though laws regarding this issue differ between states, an automatic restraining order typically keeps spouses from actions like selling property or moving the children, whereas a domestic violence restraining order keeps spouses away from each other.

Proving Harassment in a Divorce

Divorce isn't pleasant under the best of circumstances. However, when you are being harassed by your soon-to-be ex-spouse, it can be truly frightening. Harassment can take many forms. Your spouse might threaten, stalk or assault you. He might even harass your children. In order to protect yourself and perhaps your kids as well, you can petition the court for a Harassment Restraining Order, or HRO, to protect you from such behavior and threats while the divorce proceeds.

Alienation in Family Law

When it comes to families, the quality of the relationships between relatives can mean the difference between happy and unhappy ones. When it comes to family law, preserving relationships and addressing the people who would try to damage them is one of the law's most important functions. When alienation is present, it causes a rift within a family that can result in lasting pain and anguish. Whether the alienation occurs between spouses or between parents and children, laws exist to help families repair the damage caused to broken relationships.

Get Divorced Online

Related articles

What Is Considered Verbal Harassment in a Divorce in California?

Words can injure, sometimes in serious ways. California law allows a spouse going through a divorce to have some ...

Mutual Restraining Order for Uncontested Divorce

Courts can issue restraining orders during a divorce process to prevent one party from contacting, or being within a ...

The Disadvantages of Copyrights

Copyright is a form of protection that attaches to an original work of authorship the moment the work of authorship is ...

The Effect of an Order of Protection on Divorce Proceedings in Arizona

In Arizona, an order of protection offers protection from family members, including spouses, who have threatened or ...

Browse by category
Ready to Begin? GET STARTED