Successful joint custody arrangements depend more on the parents than the law. When a court orders joint custody and forces it on parents, it can be a disaster if they don't get along. Most courts won't order joint custody for this reason. However, when parents request joint custody, judges will often approve the plan. When parents are dedicated to making joint custody work for both themselves and their children, it can be beneficial for everyone involved. This is especially true when parents factor practical considerations into their parenting plan.
When parents divide time with their children on a daily plan, it’s easy for one parent to end up with all the weekend time -- e.g., Friday through Sunday -- while the other has only school nights -- Monday through Thursday. This can turn the weekend parent into the "fun parent" while the school night parent becomes the "nagger." One might begin resenting never having leisure time with the children while the other misses out on constructive parenting time -- helping with homework and the day-to-day details of his children’s “normal” lives. If parents agree to a schedule of Sunday through Tuesday with one parent and Wednesday through Saturday with the other, it gives their children a weekend day with each of them. Or some parents split three days each week and alternate the seventh weekday.
Creating Two Homes
Joint physical custody arrangements work best when parents live relatively close to each other. When they each live in their children’s school district, it cuts down on driving time and can streamline daily life, especially when they're exchanging the children frequently. When parents decide that their children will spend one week with one parent and the next with the other, and if the other parent lives some distance away, the children will lose contact with their friends at each location for a week at a time, not to mention long commutes to school. In joint physical custody arrangements, both homes should also be “fully stocked” with the children's personal possessions, especially when children spend a week at a time at each. This doesn’t mean they can’t tote some things back and forth, but each place should feel like home to them with clothes, toys and a comfortable bedroom.
Whether a parenting plan involves changing custody every few days or every other week, establishing a routine and sticking to it makes things easier on everyone involved. Parents will know when they’re going to be “off” so they can plan their own social lives or work schedules around those times, and they can more fully dedicate their time to their children when they're with them. Children often feel more comfortable with a predictable pattern. However, circumstances will inevitably crop up to disrupt the routine, especially as children get older and begin making plans of their own. When they create a parenting plan, parents should address provisions for how they're going to handle these times. They should agree ahead of time how they'll deal with it when one parent misses time because life interfered. This also avoids forcing children to change or forgo their own plans so they can accommodate a parenting schedule.
Parents who share joint physical custody usually share joint legal custody as well. This means they both have the right to make major decisions for the children. When they disagree on a major issue, this can result in a deadlock. Parents might consider implementing a tiebreaker system for these occasions. For example, they might give a trusted third party, such as a grandparent, the tiebreaker vote.