Key Sections of a Partnership Agreement

By John Cromwell

A general partnership is an agreement between two or more people to go into business together. This type of organization is subject to state law and agreements between the owners of the business. In most situations, the partners can decide how they want to operate the business by drafting a partnership agreement, a set of rules governing business operations. If an agreement does not address a particular issue, the laws of the state where the partnership is headquartered will govern how the business is to act in those circumstances. As a result, a partnership agreement can be quite detailed. However, there are some key sections that can be especially important.

Partnership Financial Rights

Many partnership agreements address the financial rights and obligations of a partnership. Absent an agreement saying otherwise, it is often assumed with general partnerships that each owner has equal rights and responsibilities. That means each partner has to contribute the same amount of money to the business and each gets an equal share of the partnership’s income and losses. A partnership agreement can establish rules so that a group of partners are required to pay more and receive more of the business’s profits, in comparison to other owners.

Partner Authority

Unless a partnership agreement says otherwise, in a general partnership all partners have equal authority regarding the day-to-day operations of the business, as well as the ability to enter the partnership into binding contracts. A partnership agreement can limit the authority of individual partners. Limitations may be placed on the authority of individual partners for a host of reasons, ranging from a partner not having the qualifications to make business decisions to a partner not wanting the responsibility of making decisions for the business.

Ready to start your LLC? Start an LLC Online Now

Voting

Another issue is how to approve certain “big picture issues,” such as bringing on a new partner. Larger decisions that require a consensus among all owners generally require a vote. The partnership agreement can identify certain questions that may require a minimum vote tally, ranging from a simple majority to complete agreement among the partners. When reviewing the partnership agreement, it is important to determine what situation needs to be voted on and what vote is required to make that decision.

How to Resolve Disputes

Some disputes between partners may be so significant that an outside party will need to make the decision. Some partnership agreements contain “mediation clauses” that compel partners to find a third-party to review the issue and make a decision for the partnership. The benefit of a mediation clause is that it diminishes the probability of the partnership having to go to court to settle the issue.

Death or Withdrawal of Partner

Absent a provision in the partnership agreement, when a partner dies or withdraws the partnership generally dissolves, with the property being divided amongst the living partners and deceased partner’s estate. However, provisions can be included in a partnership agreement that would allow the partnership to continue while still compensating the departing partner or his estate.

Ready to start your LLC? Start an LLC Online Now
What Constitutes a Legally Binding Business Partnership?

References

Related articles

General Partnership Laws & Regulations

A partnership is a form of business entity owned by more than one partner. The key consideration is that the business is conducted with the aim of making a profit. Most partners enter into a formal written partnership agreement, setting out their rights and obligations, but a partnership can operate effectively on the basis of a handshake. Each state has its own laws relating to partnerships but the general principles remain the same across the United States.

General Partnership & the Death of a Partner

A general partnership is an informal business organization created when two or more people decide to start a business together. Partnerships operate under state law, so the effect of the death of a partner may vary depending on where the business is located. However, 38 states have adopted the Uniform Partnership Act, so there is some consistency across the country.

How to Set Up a Silent Partner for a Corporation

The appeal of the corporation is that it is structured to promote investment. Formed by filing articles of incorporation with the state where it is headquartered, a corporation allows shareholders to participate in the business and claim a portion of business income without being personally liable for the business’s debts and liabilities. A silent partner is someone who invests in a business and has right to dividends but does not participate in business management. Corporations can issue different types of stock with different voting rights, allowing for silent partners.

LLCs, Corporations, Patents, Attorney Help

Related articles

Partnership Profit-Sharing Agreements

When two or more people decide to start a business for a profit, the resulting agreement is called a partnership, ...

How to Prepare a Partnership Agreement

A partnership is an agreement between two or more people to engage in a business venture. Each partner agrees to ...

The Advantages of a Dissolution of Partnership Agreement

A general partnership is an entity allowing two or more persons to jointly conduct business for profit. The laws of ...

Details of a Partnership Agreement

Although state laws do not require partnership agreements, a partnership agreement can provide a solid legal foundation ...

Browse by category
Ready to Begin? GET STARTED