Laws on Child Support Arrears in Nevada

By Heather Frances J.D.

Nevada’s laws on child support payments, including arrearages, are covered in Chapters 125B and 130 of Nevada Revised Statutes. While state agencies are available to help, you may wish to consult with an attorney if you have questions about how these laws apply to your specific situation.

Child Support Orders

Nevada law only allows a custodial parent to collect child support arrears from a non-custodial parent when there is a court order requiring child support payments. If there is no court-ordered child support in your case, you will not be able to collect back child support unless you first get a court order. A Nevada court may order the non-custodial parent to pay up to four years of back child support, as well as future support, even if there was no previous court order in place.

Child Support Enforcement

Nevada’s Department of Health and Human Services administers Nevada’s Child Support Enforcement Program, which is designed to make child support more reliable; thereby, increasing families’ self-sufficiency. The Child Support Enforcement Program provides many services, including assistance in locating non-custodial parents, establishing and enforcing support orders, establishing paternity and collecting child support payments.

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Collecting Overdue Payments

Nevada law allows collection of child support arrears from various sources. For example, child support payments can be withheld from paychecks, unemployment benefits and tax refunds. Additionally, child support liens may be placed on the non-custodial parent’s bank accounts and real property. Nevada law also allows suspension of the non-custodial parent’s driver’s license, professional licenses or U.S. passport for failing to pay past due support.

Collections Across State Lines

Nevada has adopted the Interstate Family Support Act, included in Chapter 130 of Nevada Revised Statutes, to govern child support collections across state lines. When Nevada’s support enforcement agency receives a request from the support enforcement agency of another state, Nevada adopts that request as a certification of the past-due amount owed in the other state. Nevada may then provide child support collection assistance to the other state or to the custodial parent.

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Alabama Child Support Arrears Laws


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During divorces, Texas courts issue child-support orders to direct the noncustodial parent to pay a certain amount of support for his children. If the noncustodial parent does not pay the support as ordered, it can be difficult for the custodial parent to return to court for help enforcing the order. However, the Texas Attorney General has resources to help custodial parents collect the child support they are owed.

Can Child Support Payments Be Garnished From an Unemployment Check?

Parents are legally obligated to provide financially for their children, so courts establish child support orders as part of divorce decrees. A noncustodial parent’s obligation to pay child support does not stop because he’s unemployed, and the custodial parent or a state agency can still pursue enforcement of a child support order.

What Happens If You Get Behind on Child Support Payments?

If you've lost your job or suffered a financial catastrophe, chances are that you're barely able to make your child support payments. You might even have fallen behind on them. Unlike credit card and car payments, paying child support is a legal obligation backed by court order. While each state has its own child support enforcement methods, many of the penalties imposed for falling behind on payments are similar from state to state.

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