Laws for Post Secondary Child Support Including Room & Board In Iowa

By Wayne Thomas

Both parents have an obligation to financially support their minor children after divorce according to their ability to do so. Each state has laws in place that address this support. While child support typically terminates when the child reaches the age of majority, Iowa has recognized the positive impact that a college education can have on a child's future. In response, state law allows either parent or the child to ask the court to issue a post-secondary support order requiring one or both parents to help with certain educational expenses.

Overview of PSES

When parents are divorced, Iowa law authorizes judges to issue a college support order when "good cause" is shown after considering the parents' financial resources and the child's needs. This is known as the post-secondary education subsidy -- and payments may be paid to the child or educational institution for use in meeting "necessary" expenses. These expenses can include tuition, room, board and other mandatory dues such as lab and computer fees and student health costs. Further, although parents can always agree to cover additional expenses, fraternity or sorority fees are considered optional and are not incorporated into the obligation.

Calculation

The PSES support amount is based on the estimated cost of in-state, public, undergraduate schooling only. This is true even if the child ultimately decides to enroll at a more prestigious and expensive university. The court may consider the total cost, and then make deductions according to amounts the child can be expected to contribute by working or through other sources, such as scholarships, loans or grants. The remaining balance is then divided between the parents at the court's discretion, with the maximum contribution by either parent capped at one-third of the total obligation. If a parent directly furnishes a portion of the expenses, this amount is credited against her obligation. For example, if the child lives at your home and commutes to class, your portion of the obligation would be reduced by the amount of the room and board expense.

Divorce is never easy, but we can help. Learn More

Ongoing Eligibility

The PSES only covers a child until she reaches age 23. To maintain eligibility during this time period, the child must be enrolled full-time and have grades that are at least on par with the median grade point average. The child is required to furnish each parent with a copy of her grades within 10 days of receipt. If it is determined that the child's performance does not meet the criteria, the court may withdraw the obligation.

Repudiation

In Iowa, the PSES does not apply in cases of repudiation. Repudiation means that the child has either publicly disowned the parent, or has otherwise refused to acknowledge the parent. The rationale behind this exception is that by rejecting the relationship, the child has accepted that losing financial support may be a consequence of this action. However, it is important to note that repudiation constitutes something more than the parent and child disagreeing over lifestyle or career choices, or maintaining only limited contact.

Divorce is never easy, but we can help. Learn More
New Mexico Child Support Regulations

References

Related articles

Questions About Child Support in South Carolina

When parents divorce, determining child support can feel like solving a math problem. South Carolina, like other states, uses a specific formula for calculating the amount that the parent with physical custody of the child, known as the custodial parent, should receive. The other parent, referred to as the non-custodial parent, may then request certain adjustments to the base figure. Further, either parent may pursue a modification of an existing order if the circumstances change after a child support order is issued.

New York State Supervised Visitation Laws

Supervised visits in New York are ordered by a county Family Court or Supreme Court when a visit with a non-custodial parent -- the parent who doesn't have custody -- could be physically or psychologically dangerous for the child. The number of requests for supervised visits has risen greatly in recent years, as more and more cases of domestic violence, child abuse and neglect flood the court system. If you worry that your child is at risk during visits with his non-custodial parent, you can petition the court for an order of custody and visitation. The court has the authority to order supervised visitation if it approves the petition.

Florida Child Support Regulations

Each state has different rules when it comes to child support, but Florida allocates the support amount between parents based on each parent’s share of the spouses’ combined income. This model of determining child support, called the income shares model, is based on the idea that children should receive the same financial support during the divorce process, and once the divorce is finalized, as they received when their parents were still married.

Get Divorced Online

Related articles

Child Custody Laws in Pennsylvania for Infants

A divorce can be disruptive to children. In Pennsylvania, courts must base all custody decisions on what is found to be ...

The Rules for Playing Copyrighted Worship Songs

The 1976 Copyright Act provides a limited exception for churches to play copyrighted worship songs during services ...

Reasons to Deviate From California Guidelines for Child Support

Divorce does not relieve either parent of the obligation to financially support their children. In California, state ...

How Often Can You Check an Ex-Spouse's Income for Child Support in North Carolina?

Child support is awarded to a custodial parent to assist with the expense of raising a child. The non-custodial parent ...

Browse by category
Ready to Begin? GET STARTED