Medical Situations That Require a Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care

By Wayne Thomas

The ability to consent to or refuse medical treatment is a fundamental right afforded to you under the law. If you lose your ability to competently make decisions regarding your health, the burden and stresses involved in determining treatment options often falls to your family members or health care providers. Although not required, a properly drafted durable power of attorney for health care can ensure that you receive medical treatment in accordance with your wishes when you become unable or unwilling to make these decisions yourself.

Overview of POAs

A power of attorney, POA, is a legal document in which you designate someone to act on your behalf in specific circumstances; in a POA for health care, you designate someone to make your medical treatment decisions. The person you designate is known as your agent and you are referred to as the principal. The formalities involved in executing a POA vary from state to state, but the document generally must be in writing, signed by you, and witnessed by someone other than the person designated as the agent.

When Effective

A POA can take effect immediately or become effective at a specified later time. Often, a POA for health care will become effective if and when you are declared "incapacitated," meaning you are unable to make medical decisions for yourself. The immediate type of POA can be made "durable," which means that it continues to be valid in the event you become incapacitated. Most states require that steps be taken to declare a person incapacitated, such as requiring the opinion of an attending physician or psychologist and noting the basis for the diagnosis in writing. Further, if you regain the ability to make health-related decisions after being declared incapacitated, a POA that is only effective during incapacity, referred to as a "springing" POA, is automatically withdrawn.

Ready to appoint a power of attorney? Get Started Now

Types of Decisions

The amount of authority that you delegate to your agent under a POA can be broad or limited. It is not uncommon for a POA for health care to cover all medical decisions. Most POA forms allow you to specify which decisions you would still like to make, provided you are competent. An example might be executing an immediate POA and delegating all authority except in cases where major surgery is contemplated. However, it is important to note that state law can override your freedom to delegate authority in certain instances. For example, in states that do not allow physician-assisted suicide, your agent cannot consent to this treatment even if he believes it is in accordance with your wishes.

Selecting an Agent

When a situation arises calling for your agent to make a medical decision for you, the agent has a duty to follow your instructions. This places certain responsibilities on your agent to make informed decisions, which might include consulting with the medical team, reviewing your medical chart, exploring alternative treatment options, and obtaining second opinions. For this reason, the person you select to serve in this capacity should be someone you trust. It is also important that your agent understand any of your religious or spiritual beliefs, particularly those that might influence a medical decision that is not clearly outlined in the POA. The agent should understand your instructions and be an assertive advocate for you, as well as be willing to keep your family members and friends informed, if consistent with your wishes.

Ready to appoint a power of attorney? Get Started Now
Possible Power of Attorney Complications


Related articles

Durable Power of Attorney in Missouri

Granting another person durable power of attorney allows that person to take care of your legal, financial, and medical affairs even if you become unable to take care of them yourself. Missouri law has specific requirements for creating a durable power of attorney that names someone your attorney-in-fact.

What Is a Revocable Power of Attorney Form?

A revocable power of attorney, or POA, is a legal document that appoints an agent, or attorney-in-fact, to handle transactions on your behalf. The agent can be any trustworthy person or institution you choose. Most states require POA documents to be in writing and specify certain requirements for creating and revoking POAs. Be sure your power of attorney form and any revocation you issue conforms with your state law requirements.

Power of Attorney Guidelines for State of Oregon

A power of attorney is a legal document that allows you to appoint someone to act on your behalf if you become incompetent of incapacitated. The Oregon Revised Statutes set forth the requirements for a valid power of attorney, who may serve as your agent and how the power of attorney may be used.

Related articles

North Carolina State Statutes Regulating Power of Attorney for Health Care

A power of attorney for health care can give you piece of mind that appropriate medical and mental health decisions ...

Power of Attorney & Mental Illness

One way you can help a relative or friend living with mental illness is to become his agent through the creation of a ...

How to Create Power of Attorney Forms

A power of attorney is a legal document that authorizes another person to act on your behalf in certain specified ...

Guidelines for Assuming Power of Attorney

Becoming an agent through a power of attorney is an important undertaking since it involves managing the affairs of ...

Browse by category
Ready to Begin? GET STARTED