Procedure for Writing a Will

By Teo Spengler

A last will and testament is a statement of a person's intentions for her property after death. A valid will passes assets to the persons the testator -- the person writing the will -- selects, rather than to blood kin she may not even know. It also enables a testator to name a guardian for her minor children. While many people use lawyers to prepare wills, this is not the only possible procedure.

Attorney-prepared Wills

Testators with complex holdings or myriad heirs may benefit from using experienced estate attorneys to prepare wills. This procedure also enables estate tax planning. The testator outlines her devises to the attorney, providing information about property and heirs, and the lawyer drafts a will that incorporates these bequests. The testator and attorney often meet several times to review draft testaments and exchange information. When the testator approves the will, she signs it before witnesses in the attorney's office.

Will Forms

Form wills work well for a testator with a simple estate. A form will is a document containing the skeleton of will, with blanks for the testator to insert identifying information about himself, his property and his heirs. A good form will is state-specific and contains all of the procedural requirements for a testament in a particular state. Form wills approved by a state's Bar Association are especially reliable. A testator using a well-drafted form will avoids having to do research on technicalities such as the number of witnesses required in his jurisdiction.

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Statutory Will Forms

Some states make form wills even more accessible by including one in their statutes. California and Maine are among the jurisdictions providing a valid form will for its residents in the probate code. Statutory will forms look like regular form wills. A testator first fills in information identifying herself, then adds a description of her devises of real and personal property. She names an executor to administer her will and a guardian for her minor children, if applicable. The statutory will specifies how many witnesses must affirm the testator's signature.

Handwritten Wills

Wills written in the testator's hand are valid in most states in emergency conditions. However, some states accept handwritten wills in all circumstances. These testaments, also termed holographic wills, are valid when written entirely by the testator, without any typed information. Holographic wills do not require witnesses: the testator dates and signs the will to execute it. A testator should research her state's probate code to ascertain whether it approves the holographic will procedure.

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Related articles

Is a Hand-Written Notarized Will Legal?

Your will can direct the distribution of your property after your death, name someone you trust to manage your estate and even nominate a guardian for your minor children. But your will can't do any of that if it isn't valid in your state. Generally, a handwritten will is just as legally valid as a typed or printed will as long as it meets your state's standards.

Are Holographic Wills Legal in California?

Signatures of witnesses are usually required for a valid will. A valid holographic will does not require witnesses. To prepare a holographic will, the testator writes his wishes in his own handwriting. California Probate Code Section 6111 sets out the law for holographic wills.

Do I Need an Attorney to Make a Legal Will?

In most states, a legal or valid will must contain certain basic information, such as the testator's or will-maker's name, the date the will was made, the testator's signature and the signatures of two witnesses in some cases. An attorney's help is not required to make a valid will. Nevertheless, it is wise to consider consulting an attorney when you make your will, especially if you have minor children, considerable investments or other assets, or family strife that may affect how your property is distributed after you die.

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