Relief Requested in Preliminary Documents
A divorce case begins with the filing of a petition. The petition sets forth the basic elements of your divorce case, including basic information about the spouses. The heart of a petition is the relief requested -- what you want the court to do. For example, the typical divorce petition requests the court to enter orders relating to the division of property and debt, child custody and support, and alimony.
Relief Requested in Motions
Once divorce proceedings start, the court addresses different issues through motions filed by the parties. Motions represent the formal or official way each spouse communicates with each other and the judge in divorce court. Motions also must contain a request for relief, because they describe what you want to occur. For example, when a motion is filed seeking temporary custody of the children while the divorce case is pending, the motion must make that request of the court.
Failure to Request or Pray for Relief
Although courts do grant some leeway when necessary items are left out of petitions and motions, if you leave out your request for relief, the court has nothing to act upon. Technically speaking, it means you are not asking the court to do anything. If you consistently submit documents without including your requested belief, it's possible that a court could find you in contempt or dismiss your case. A court clerk may also decline to file a petition lacking a request for relief.
Relief Requested in a Default Divorce
A default divorce case is one in which the spouse being sued for divorce does not file a response with the court. Provided that you filed your papers and followed procedures correctly, your spouse's failure to respond will not stop your divorce from proceeding. Instead, a default decree of divorce is typically entered by the court after a prescribed period of time passes. In the event of a default, you are generally entitled to all of the relief you requested in the petition filed at the start of the proceedings, because your spouse's lack of a response is interpreted as agreement with all your requests.