How to Request Arrears for Child Support in Texas

By Elizabeth Rayne

Parents in Texas have several options to ensure they receive the financial support they need to raise their children following a divorce. To enforce an existing support order, you may independently file a motion with the court for enforcement or hire a private collection agency or attorney, which will likely take a fee or percentage of the support owed. Texas also has state resources to help residents collect child support.

Motion for Enforcement

If you have a court order for child support, you may file a motion for enforcement of that order with the same court that issued the original order. In the motion, you must include information about the original child support order, list the date of each missed payment, and the total amount your ex-spouse owes you in child support. If your ex-spouse receives public benefits, you may include records of payments made through the state registry. After filing the motion, the court will schedule a hearing; you must notify your ex-spouse of the hearing date by serving him with a copy of the motion.

Hearing and Remedies

At the scheduled hearing, both parents produce evidence which the court uses to determine whether or not the parent actually missed payments and if she had a good reason for doing so. The court will consider any evidence that demonstrates the paying parent did not have the resources to pay support. If the court finds that the parent could have been paying support yet failed to do so, it may file a lien on property owned by the parent; order wage withholding; or find the parent in contempt of court and order fines or jail time. Unlike some other judgments, the court may collect child support by placing a lien on real property, bank accounts, personal property and almost any other property owned by the parent.

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Texas Attorney General

The Child Support Division of the Texas Office of the Attorney General helps parents collect owed child support. The Attorney General has several tools to enforce child support orders, including wage withholding, license suspension, placing liens against property, and intercepting tax refunds and lottery winnings. Many families that receive public benefits automatically receive these services from the Attorney General; however, any Texas resident may apply for help from the Child Support Division. It may take time for the office to get to your case, as the Attorney General receives a large volume of requests. If you want to file your own motion, but do not know where to find your ex-spouse, the Attorney General can help you locate him.

Domestic Relations Offices

Larger counties in Texas have Domestic Relations Offices, which also serve to help the public enforce child support orders. You must apply for the enforcement services in your county by submitting an application. The attorneys for DRO determine which enforcement measures to use. They can suspend the parent's driver's license; attempt to collect monies by letter or telephone; intercept tax refunds; freeze bank accounts; or pursue contempt of court or even incarceration.

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Help With Receiving Unpaid Child Support in Texas

References

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Texas Child Support Questions

Child support is the financial assistance paid by one parent to the parent with primary custody of the children after the parents divorce or separate. The Texas Family Code outlines how child support is calculated, when an order can be modified and when the support order terminates. The law also sets forth the procedures for enforcing a support order that goes unpaid.

According to Kentucky Law, What Happens if a Man Isn't Able to Pay Child Support?

A noncustodial parent in Kentucky is responsible for paying child support until his child graduates from high school and turns 18. If he is unable to pay, the court may temporarily modify the support order, but that does not end his child support obligation. The state has a variety of methods to collect support from monetary sources other than the nonpaying parent's income.

South Dakota Restrictions on a License When You Owe Child Support

If you have children, your divorce decree likely ordered child support payments from one parent to the other, since parents are legally obligated to provide support for their children. You are legally required to pay the amount ordered and if you don’t pay, you may be subject to punishment, such as having your driver’s license, recreational licenses or professional licenses revoked.

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