What Is Required to Produce a Will for Probate in Alabama?

By A.L. Kennedy

When an Alabama resident dies and leaves a will behind, that will must be filed with an Alabama probate court so that its validity can be tested and its instructions can be carried out. What is required to produce a will for probate in Alabama is set by the Alabama Probate Code and the county probate courts.

Who Should Produce the Will

A will can be filed for probate in an Alabama probate court by anyone with an interest in seeing the will probated. This person may be a beneficiary listed in the will, a person who would receive property if there was no will, or the personal representative of the estate, who is also named in the will. Alabama law also requires anyone who has the will to either file it with the probate court or to give it to someone who will file it, according to the Mobile County Probate Courts.

When Should the Will Be Produced

In Alabama, a will must be probated within five years of the death or it is considered null and void, according to the Mobile County Probate Courts. Regardless of this time frame, however, the will should be produced and filed with the probate court as soon as possible after the death of the person who made the will. A delay in filing the will merely means that the beneficiaries will wait that much longer before they can receive the assets the will leaves to each of them.

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Where Should the Will Be Produced

In Alabama, a will should be filed with the probate court in the county where the person who made the will has died, according to the Mobile County Probate Courts. Some Alabama counties do not have a separate probate court, but handle probate cases such as wills through the county's district courts. Your Alabama phone directory can provide the phone numbers for the courts in each county, in case you have specific questions about the place to bring the will for filing.

What If No One Produces a Will?

If the will is not produced and filed with an Alabama probate court, then the will has no legal effect, according to the Mobile County Probate Courts. If you or another beneficiary does not want to file the will for some reason, you should consult an attorney who practices estate law in Alabama to learn the legal implications of failing to probate a will. If you know who has the will but that person refuses to produce it, you may petition the court to order that person to give up the will, according to the Mobile County Probate Courts.

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How Do Interested Parties File Against a Will in Probate?

When a will is probated, interested parties may challenge the validity of the will. This type of lawsuit is known as a will contest or will challenge. A will contest is filed in the probate court and is heard by a probate judge. Some states also allow a jury to hear a will contest, according to the American Bar Association.

Can I Contest a Will in Ohio?

In most states, you can challenge, or contest, a will if you have “standing,” meaning a financial stake in the will, and “grounds,” meaning a reason supported by law. In Ohio, however, the rules are a little more complicated, depending on who filed the will with the court. If you feel that you have reason to challenge a will entered for probate in Ohio, consult with an attorney to make sure you meet all the requirements for filing a contest.

Information on Contested Wills

A contested will is the subject of a lawsuit that argues that part or all of the contested will is invalid. Any probate proceedings stop while the will contest is heard in probate court. If the will contest is successful, the probate court then ignores the part of the will that was contested or the entire will, depending on the contest case, and distributes the estate according to state law as if the will never existed.

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