Requirement of Certificate of Authorization for Sole Proprietor in New York

By Joe Stone

Starting a new business as a sole proprietor means you are personally liable for the conduct of the business. If your company sells goods or services subject to New York sales tax, you are required to register with the New York Department of Taxation and Finance, and you must obtain a Certificate of Authority to collect sales tax. The certificate should be obtained at least 20 days before your business commences.

Taxable Sales

New York sales tax applies to both goods and services, although certain items are exempt from this tax. The Department of Taxation and Finance, or DTF, provides guidance concerning the items subject to sales tax, but generally, all goods are taxable unless a specific exemption applies, and services are usually not taxed unless a specific tax applies. To determine if your business sells goods or services subject to sales tax, review Tax Bulletin ST-740, which provides a quick reference of items subject to tax and what is specifically exempt. If the goods or services you sell are listed in the bulletin, you must obtain a Certificate of Authority from the DTF.

Application Procedure

You apply for a Certificate of Authority by filing Form DTF-17. This application can be submitted through the Online Permit Assistance and Licensing (OPAL) website. The DTF prefers that applications be submitted online rather than mailed. Form DTF-17 is identified on the OPAL website as "Certificate of Authority to Collect Sales Tax." As a sole proprietor, you will file the application in the legal name of your business. You must include the Employment Identification Number issued by the Internal Revenue Service, or if you are not required to obtain an EIN, use your own Social Security number instead. Specify the street address of your business, your phone number and an email address where tax information can be sent to you. The OPAL website provides detailed instructions for completing Form DTF-17, and you'll need to include other information such as a description of your business, types of goods or services you intend to sell, and the bank account where you will be depositing the sales tax you collect.

Protect your loved ones. Start My Estate Plan

Displaying Certificate of Authority

The DTF will mail a Certificate of Authority to you after processing your application. The certificate must be displayed in plain view at your place of business. If you specified more than one business location on your application, you will receive a certificate for each location, which must be displayed at the location corresponding to the address on the certificate. If your business is not operated out of a physical address, the certificate must be displayed on your business-owned truck, cart or other type of stand.

Miscellaneous Certificate Requirements

A Certificate of Authority cannot be transferred from one business owner to another. If you purchase an existing business, you must obtain your own certificate. When you sell your business, your must return the certificate to the DTF within 20 days of your last sale, accompanied by your final sales tax return. The same applies if you close your business.

Protect your loved ones. Start My Estate Plan
How to Form a Sole Proprietorship in Ohio
 

References

Resources

Related articles

What Forms Need to Be Filed for a Sole Proprietorship?

A sole proprietorship is one method of organizing and operating a business. A sole proprietorship operates as an alter ego of the owner, not as an independent legal entity, giving the sole proprietor complete control of the business. Depending on your state, you may or may not need to file a form to create a sole proprietorship. However, you should contact the Secretary of State's office to determine the proper procedure. For example, the state of Indiana requires all sole proprietors to register with the Indiana Department of Revenue by submitting a Business Tax Application if the business sells products or food.

Setting Up as a Sole Proprietor in California

Starting a sole proprietorship in California is not very complicated when compared to other entity types. However, sole proprietorships carry the risk of unlimited personal liability, so it is important to make sure that your business has adequate insurance and complies with all legal requirements. Nearly every business should begin with a formal business plan; a process which assists in identifying strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats to your enterprise, known as “SWOT” analysis.

How to Start a Sole Proprietorship in Maryland

A sole proprietorship is a common business entity because it is relatively simple to set up and has few filing requirements. In Maryland, new business registrations are handled by the Department of Assessment and Taxation. Although you are not required to register a sole proprietorship with the state, you may be required to obtain state and local occupational licenses and business permits, depending on the type of business. Many sole proprietors are also required to register with the state tax authority.

LegalZoom. Legal help is here. Start Here. Wills. Trusts. Attorney help.

Related articles

Alaska Foreign Business Registration Requirements

When it comes to business registration, Alaska considers those that aren't based in the state as “foreign,” even if ...

How to File a DBA in Idaho

In Idaho, you can operate your business as a sole proprietorship -- meaning there is no legal difference between you ...

Rules and Regulations for a Sole Proprietorship

Starting your new business as a sole proprietorship is the easiest and least expensive legal business structure you can ...

How do I Qualify a Florida LLC to Conduct Business in Georgia?

If you are ready to expand your Florida business operations into other markets, you must register or "qualify" your ...

Browse by category
Ready to Begin? GET STARTED