Requirements for Legal Notices for Publication For Creditors Under Ohio Law

By Beverly Bird

Knowing how the probate process in your state works can be a pivotal element in your approach to estate planning. In those states where the process is more complicated, you might consider creating a living trust instead of passing your property by will to avoid probate. Ohio probate law requirements are comparatively uncomplicated, however. If you select an executor with reasonable organizational skills, she should be able to handle your estate and your creditors with few problems because the state doesn’t require much in the way of publishing notices.

Release from Administration

Ohio law requires published notice to your creditors under two circumstances. If you leave only a small estate -- the total value of your assets doesn’t exceed $35,000 -- or you leave everything to your spouse up to $100,000, probate is not necessary. If you neglect to leave a will, your estate can still escape probate if all your property passes solely to your spouse under Ohio’s rules for intestate succession and you either have no children or your spouse is the other parent of all your children. In these cases, your executor must publish notice in a newspaper, letting creditors and other interested parties know that she’s asked the court to release your estate from probate administration. The judge will direct whether notice must be published once a week for two weeks or once a week for three weeks.

Executor’s Claims

Your executor may also have to publish notice to your creditors if she personally has a claim against your estate of $500 or more. When she makes the claim, the court will schedule a hearing. She must notify your heirs, beneficiaries and creditors specified by the court. If any of these individuals or creditors are not located in the same county where your estate is being probated, your executor must publish notice of the hearing in a designated newspaper for three weeks.

Protect your loved ones. Start My Estate Plan

Pending Lawsuits

If anyone was suing you at the time of your death, your executor must notify this person or entity, but not by publication and only if you were being sued in the state of Ohio. The lawsuit must have been initiated before your death and your executor must file notice with the court that’s hearing the case, letting the plaintiff -- the person suing you -- know that an executor has been appointed to manage your estate. The executor has 10 days to do this after learning that someone was suing you.

Other Creditors

Other than these requirements, it’s pretty much up to your creditors to initiate claims against your estate for payments owed. Your executor should notify them of your death in writing if she knows the accounts exist, if you’ve mentioned them in written directions to her or if she found invoices among your papers. She does not have to publish notices. The creditors must make their claims for payment within 30 days after receiving notice or within six months of the date of your death, whichever comes first. If the creditors don’t act within these time periods, they generally will not receive payments from the estate. Your executor has 30 days after receiving a claim to decide whether it’s valid and to pay it or reject it.

Protect your loved ones. Start My Estate Plan
What is the New Jersey Statute of Limitations for Claims Against a Decedent's Estate?
 

References

Related articles

Can You Close an Estate if a Lawsuit Has Been Filed?

Nothing snarls and slows down probate quite like a pending lawsuit. Probate ties up the loose ends of a decedent’s life. If someone files a lawsuit as part of the proceedings, the estate generally can’t close until the issue is resolved. Your immediate family members might receive allowances -- money off the top of your estate to tide them over -- if this is provided for by law in your state, but otherwise, your beneficiaries may not receive their gifts for a while.

What Constitutes an Heir?

Your "heirs" are your relatives. You may not like all of them, but if you die without leaving a will, chances are they’ll inherit your estate -- or at least a portion of it. When you write a will, you can leave your property to anyone you like; these individuals are known as your "beneficiaries." If you don’t leave a will directing to whom you’d like your property to pass, your state government will give it to your heirs, according to rules outlined in state law.

The Process of Opening an Estate

Although the process of opening an estate varies from state to state, many aspects of the process are essentially the same. Often, the person who gets the proceedings started is the person named as executor in the decedent's will. If the decedent did not make a will -- and by extension, failed to name an executor -- a family member or close family friend may start proceedings by filing paperwork with the probate court in the county in which the decedent lived.

LegalZoom. Legal help is here. Start Here. Wills. Trusts. Attorney help. Wills & Trusts

Related articles

Laws on Probate of a Will in Canada

Probate laws in Canada differ somewhat from province to province. The basic structure of the probate process remains ...

What Happens When a Will Goes to Probate?

If you have assets at the time of your death, they must still pass through the probate process so your outstanding ...

Time Limitations in California State Inheritance Laws

Many deadlines follow a person's death as his estate is being probated in California. Probate is the process by which ...

What Is the Purpose of Probate Court?

Whether or not you leave a will, your estate will most likely have to go through the probate process in your state ...

Browse by category
Ready to Begin? GET STARTED