Generally speaking, you must respond to a divorce complaint within 20 days from the day you receive it. In most types of court cases, failure to respond would result in a default judgment, which could mean that the person filing the complaint is awarded everything he or she requested. However, unlike in other types of lawsuits in Massachusetts, failing to respond to a divorce complaint in a timely manner will not result in default. However, even with this rule, it is always more prudent to file a response to a divorce petition.
An answer is the simplest way to respond to a divorce complaint. Make sure to read each paragraph of the complaint carefully so you are responding as accurately as possible to each allegation raised. If the divorce complaint alleges fault grounds, you should also include any defenses you might have in the answer. For example, a valid defense may be your spouse condoned your actions.
Answer and Counterclaim
You have the right to include a counterclaim in your answer to the divorce petition. A counterclaim is your chance to tell the court your side of the facts, to include any grounds you may have for wanting the divorce and what you are seeking from the divorce. For example, if your spouse petitions for full custody, you could counterclaim, asking the court to grant full custody to you. Another example of a potential counterclaim is requesting alimony payments or a portion of the marital estate treated as premarital property and awarded to you.
Filing and Serving the Response
Check your answer or answer/counterclaim to make sure you have responded to every allegation raised in the complaint, corresponding your responses to match the complaint paragraphs. Sign and date the response, make copies for yourself and for your spouse then file it in with the clerk of court. In addition, you will have to file a Certificate of Service. The Certificate of Service is where you swear under penalty of perjury that you have sent a copy of your response to your spouse, or spouse’s attorney, via regular mail, certified mail or personal delivery.