The Top Ten Risks in a Sole Proprietorship

By Jeff Clements

A sole proprietorship is the most basic form of business -- where the owner is in business for himself as an individual without outside partners or the complexities of any corporate structure. Accordingly, the sole proprietorship operates as an alter ego of the owner, not as an independent legal entity. This gives rise to various types of risk to the sole proprietor in the course of business.

A sole proprietorship is the most basic form of business -- where the owner is in business for himself as an individual without outside partners or the complexities of any corporate structure. Accordingly, the sole proprietorship operates as an alter ego of the owner, not as an independent legal entity. This gives rise to various types of risk to the sole proprietor in the course of business.

Customer Litigation

A vendor or customer can sue a sole proprietor personally. This risk lasts for as long as the claim is valid (until the statute of limitations expires), even after the sole proprietor closes down the business.

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Creditor Litigation

A creditor can sue a sole proprietor personally for unpaid debts. If successful in court, the creditor can collect a judgment from the sole proprietor's personal assets.

Personal Bankruptcy

If the business fails, the sole proprietor cannot simply put the business in bankruptcy. He would have to file personal bankruptcy to get relief from the sole proprietorship's business debts.

Credit Rating

All business credit activity goes on the sole proprietor's personal credit report, which can hurt his personal credit rating.

Personal Reputation

A business background check or any formal due diligence conducted on the sole proprietorship business may bring up items including customer complaints, regulatory findings and court filings. Since an individual sole proprietor is so closely intertwined with the sole proprietorship business and the sole proprietorship is operated under the owner's name, these findings may hurt the owner's personal reputation as a result.

IRS Audit

An Internal Revenue Service audit of the sole proprietorship business means that the IRS will also audit the owner's entire personal income tax return, since there is no separation of the business from the owner as in a corporation.

Proof of Income

Banks and other creditors view sole proprietors as being self-employed, and this can make it harder to provide necessary proof of income to obtain or increase credit.

Business Credit

For various reasons, a sole proprietorship does not have the same level of professional creditworthiness as a more formal corporation or limited liability company. Thus, it can be harder for a sole proprietorship to get business credit from lenders. Nonetheless, a sole proprietor is free to use his own personal credit or savings to fund the business as he sees fit.

Business Continuity

If the owner of the sole proprietorship dies, the business ends. There is no easy way to transfer ownership and maintain business continuity since everything is in the individual name of the sole proprietor.

Access to Capital

A sole proprietor has no way to raise outside equity capital. As a sole proprietor, he cannot take on partners or sell shares to raise money without the complicated and expensive process of changing the legal structure of the business.

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Sole Proprietorship & Investment Accounts

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Opportunities of Sole Proprietorships

A sole proprietorship is a simple form of business in which the owner is in business for himself as an individual without any business partners or corporate formalities. Sole proprietorships are not required to comply with complex organizational requirements during their formation or operation, and this simplicity is one of the main benefits of this type of business structure.

Liability After the Selling of a Sole Proprietorship

Business owners often sell a business and expect to be rid of future obligations. However, due to the unique position of the sole proprietor, selling the business might not be the end of the story. There are multiple obligations and liabilities that might exist beyond the date of sale, including financial obligations as well as ongoing employment with the business.

Sole Proprietorship in the U.S.

A sole proprietor is an individual who owns an unincorporated business. There are nearly 23 million sole proprietorships, not counting single-owner farm businesses, in the United States, and many of these engage employees in addition to their sole proprietor owners. Sole proprietorships are subject to state laws regarding registration and licensing, which are similar but vary from state to state.

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